March, 2013
No. 449




U.S. Cement Industry Will Spend 685 Million Dollars per Year for Air Pollution Control in 2013-15

The promulgation of tough air toxic rules will cause the cement industry to spend $685 million/yr. for air pollution control equipment over each of the next three years. This is the conclusion reached by the McIlvaine Company in its “Cement Plant and Project Tracking System.”

Average Annual Expenditures 2013-2015 ($ Millions)

Equipment Type

$ Millions/yr

Fabric Filter


Electrostatic Precipitator








Thermal Oxidizer




The largest expenditures will be for fabric filters. They will be needed to provide better particulate and mercury capture. Substantial investments in scrubber systems will be made in order to meet the HCl limits. In addition to the above listed equipment, there will be substantial expenditures for activated carbon and continuous emissions monitoring systems.

After many rounds of litigation, the cement MACT was promulgated in December 2012. Existing kilns must comply by September 9, 2015. EPA estimates that mercury will be reduced by 93 percent, hydrochloric acid by 96 percent, particulate matter by 91 percent and total hydrocarbons by 82 percent.


Specific limits






Lbs/million ton of clinker averaged over 30 days



Total hydrocarbons

PPMV averaged over 30 days



Organic air toxics alternate to hydrocarbons

PPMV with stack test every 30 months




Lbs/ton of clinker



Hydrochloric acid

PPMV averaged over 30 days



Most of the kilns in the country will make the necessary expenditures rather than shut down. One reason is the improving market for cement. According to the latest forecast from the Portland Cement Association (PCA), there will be an 8.1 percent growth in cement consumption in 2013. The upward revisions reflect adjustments made in light of the recent fiscal cliff accord, recognition of stronger economic momentum and markedly more optimistic assessments regarding residential construction activity.

PCA also upwardly revised its long-range projections for 2015-2017. Annual growth during that period is expected to be as high as 9.2 percent. Cement consumption is dictated by the level of construction activity and by the prevailing cement intensity. While 2017 cement intensity levels remain well below the pre-recession averages and upside risks remain, these risks have been significantly reduced.

For more information “Cement Plant and Project Tracking System,” click on:


Gas Turbine Inlet Filter Market to Exceed 400 Million Dollars This Year

The low price of natural gas has resulted in the construction of a number of gas turbine power plants. New construction plus the growing replacement market will boost gas turbine inlet air filter sales to over $400 million in 2013. This segment will account for 6 percent of the $7 billion air filter market. This is the conclusion reached by the McIlvaine Company in its “Air Filtration and Purification World Markets.”

($ Millions)














The inlet air filter is necessary to protect the high speed elements within the gas turbine from excessive wear. As turbine performance has increased, so has the need to remove smaller and smaller particles. As a result, the HEPA range of filters is now frequently needed. Since these filters do not have the dirt holding capability of less efficient filters, it is typical to furnish pre-filters.

Static filters and pulsed filters are the two choices for final filtration. The highest efficiency is obtained either with microglass fibers or with membranes. The incentive to utilize high efficiency filters is expanded when the gas turbine in a locality with very tough emission standards. In California, some permits require the exhaust emissions to be cleaner than the ambient incoming air. So unless the air filter removes the particles, the unit will not be in compliance.

The filters are often supplied by companies who manufacture complete intake systems. Donaldson and Nederman will supply the filters, cooling devices and the housing. These other products substantially increase the revenue opportunity. The intake system purchases in 2012 will be in excess of $1 billion.

The total market for gas turbine systems in 2013 will be $56 billion. Over 70,000 MW of new turbines will be sold. The U.S. will purchase 16,000 MW, bringing its total installed base to over 300,000 MW.

Much of the new U.S. construction is for base loaded combined cycle plants. Much of the existing base is peaking turbines. This distinction is important because filter purchases are less for the peaking turbines. Since these turbines only operate a few weeks or months per year, filter replacement is less frequent.

The intake systems represent 2 percent of the total system expenditure. The combined purchases of new intake systems and filters plus replacement filters will be $1.3 billion.

For more information on “Air Filtration and Purification World Markets,” click on:




Babcock and Wilcox Awarded Contract for UK Waste-to-Energy Plant

The Babcock & Wilcox Co. (B&W) announced that its Denmark-based subsidiary, Babcock & Wilcox Vølund A/S (B&W Vølund) and consortium partner Interserve Plc were awarded a contract worth approximately $100 million to design and build a waste-to-energy power plant for waste management firm Viridor in Peterborough, United Kingdom.

The plant will be capable of processing 85,000 tons of municipal solid waste per year to produce electricity. The plant will be designed for combined heat and power purposes, and will be capable of providing steam for district heating purposes in the future.

B&W Vølund will engineer and deliver the plant’s electromechanical supplies including combustion system, fuel grate, boiler, environmental control, turbine and generator and other equipment. Interserve will provide construction and project management services.

B&W Vølund is well positioned to capitalize on the anticipated growth of the waste-to-energy market in the U.K., as municipalities seek to comply with emissions regulations and reduce the volume of waste sent to landfills,” said J. Randall Data, Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc., President and Chief Operating Officer. We’re appreciative of Viridor’s decision to select B&W Vølund and Interserve for this project.”

Project engineering is underway. The plant is scheduled to be operational in October 2015.

Metso to Supply Biomass Power Plant to Bioenergeticheskaya Kompaniya in Russia

Metso will supply Bioenergeticheskaya Kompaniya LLC with a complete biomass-fired combined heat and power plant in Syktyvkar, the Komi Republic, Russia. The power plant is scheduled to be in operation in 2014. The value of the order will not be disclosed.

Metso’s delivery will include process equipment and technical advisory services for installation, commissioning and training. A Metso belt dryer and a Metso DNA automation system will also be included in the delivery. The power plant will utilize bark and wood residues from the Sykyvkar sawmill and other biomass. The power output of the plant will be 4 MWe. The power will be distributed to the local grid and heat will be utilized in the belt dryer.

“We are convinced that cooperation with Metso will provide a means to utilize the sawmill residues from the Syktyvkar sawmill to produce power. This is an important issue for the Government of the Komi Republic. The new plant will be built based on advanced know-how solutions using the most modern equipment,” says Alexander Gibezh, Deputy Minister of Industry and Transport of the Republic of Komi. “Sawmill residues that have long been stored at the site of the Syktyvkar sawmill will now be used as fuel for the new power plant. The investment in the power plant will help to create more job opportunities and will improve the environmental situation in the Komi Republic,” adds Alexey Kryukov, CEO of Bioenergeticheskaya Kompaniya.

“This power plant is an important milestone in the development of distributed power generation based on the vast renewable biomass resources of Russia. We are very happy to help Bioenergeticheskaya Kompaniya LLC to lead the way towards local sustainable power solutions,” says Director Matti Järvinen, North Eastern Europe, Power business line, Metso. “The uniqueness of our solutions is in the complete supply:  all equipment from the fuel handling system to the flue gas cleaning system will be supplied by Metso. The new power plant will also run under a Metso automation system,” says Director Nikolay Dorosenko, Russia, power business line, Metso.

Consumers Energy Signs 1 Million dollar Contract for Ductwork Iron Works

Consumers Energy signed a $19-million contract with Moran Iron Works to build flue gas ductwork for the 835-MW J.H. Campbell Unit 3. J.H. Campbell 3 is installing fabric filters this year and a spray dry system in 2015.



Hima Upgrading the Baghouse at Cement Plant in Uganda

Global Cement reports Hima Cement has decided to spend US$3.2 million to upgrade its bag filter technology at its Kasese cement plant in western Uganda. The movie follows a history of complaints from local communities over dust emissions. The upgrade will be installed at the factory’s old production line, which plans to bring stack emissions in line with global standards. It is expected to be completed by May 2013 

“We are confident that this time round the problem of emissions will become a thing of the past since the same technology was installed at our Bamburi Cement factory in August 2012,” said David Njoroge, Hima Cement General Manager.

The upgrade is the second attempt that Hima Cement has made its old line in Kasese. Previously an electrostatic precipitator (ESP) failed due to frequent power cuts. In 2011 Kasese’s new production line, which uses bag filter technology, was opened to increase cement production capacity from 300,000 t/yr to 850,000 t/yr.

Fabric Filter Replaces ESP at Tourah Portland Cement Plant in Egypt

A delegation consisting of Dr. Khaled Fahmy, Minister of Environment, Dr. Osama Kamal, Governor of Cairo, accompanied by a number of senior officials Shoura Council members and NGOs, visited on February 12, 2013, Tourah Portland Cement Co. (TPCC) plant, a subsidiary of Suez Cement group of Companies (SCGC), reported Nadeen El Ajou on AMEinfo.com.

The visit was to witness the positive impact of replacing electrostatic filters with baghouse filters in the production line #8. The project, completed in February 2012, was funded partially with a loan from the Egyptian Pollution abatement Project (EPAP II) of EEAA.

SCGC Managing Director, Mr. Bruno Carré, stated that this project was completed with an investment worth US$24 million. He added that the implementation of this project confirms the aim of SCGC to reduce dust emissions, in order to comply with the new amendments in the environmental law. Meanwhile, the installation of the fabric filters for kiln #9 is already down the road. Mr. Carré pointed out that there is a similar project that will be implemented this year in Helwan Cement Co. (HCC), a subsidiary of SCGC.



Donaldson Reports Second Quarter Results

Donaldson Company, Inc. announced its financial results for its fiscal 2013 2nd quarter. Summarized financial results are as follows (dollars in millions, except per share data):

Three Months Ended

Six Months Ended

January 31

January 31








Net sales

$ 596

$ 581





Operating Income







Net earnings














Diluted EPS (*)

$ 0.34



$ 0.70

$ 0.80


  *   The prior year EPS amounts reflect the impact of last   year’s two-for-one stock split.

“Our diversified portfolio of global filtration businesses delivered a new sales record in our 2nd quarter,” said Bill Cook, Donaldson’s CEO. “Our Gas Turbine Products’ sales increased 79 percent as we shipped a number of large project shipments to our customers this quarter. This offset weaker sales into the North American On-Road truck market, the On-Road and Off-Road equipment markets in Asia, and for On-Road and Off-Road replacement filters in Europe. We did see improved demand for replacement filters in the Americas and in Asia, with our local currency sales increasing 4 and 6 percent, respectively.”

“Despite our higher sales, our operating margin decreased 100 basis points from last year to 11.9 percent due to lower fixed cost absorption in our Engine Products segment and the mix shift to large Gas Turbine project shipments. This was partially offset by savings from our ongoing ‘Continuous Improvement’ initiatives. We continued to take actions to better align our manufacturing and operating expenses with our forecasted customer demand. However, we are also continuing the engineering work on many new OEM customer programs that will be going into production in the next 24 months. In addition, we continue to work on our global Strategic Business Systems project. We have chosen to continue these investments to support our Strategic Growth Goals.”

“Based on input from key customers, we see current market conditions continuing in the near term due primarily to the ongoing high levels of global economic uncertainty. Fortunately, we anticipate strength in our Gas Turbine business for the balance of our fiscal year, which will help offset some of the weakness in our other businesses. As a result, we are forecasting our company’s full-year sales to be approximately equal to last year’s record $2.5 billion, and our fiscal year 2013 EPS forecast is between $1.61 and $1.81 per share.”

Financial Statement Discussion

The impact of foreign currency translation decreased sales by $1.7 million, or 0.3 percent, during the quarter and decreased sales by $18.6 million, or 1.6 percent year-to-date compared to the same periods last year. The impact of foreign currency translation increased reported net earnings by $0.2 million, or 0.3 percent during the quarter and decreased reported net earnings by $1.2 million, or 1.0 percent for the year.

Gross margin was 33.4 percent for the quarter and 33.5 percent year-to-date compared to prior year margins of 34.6 percent and 35.0 percent, respectively. The year-over-year decrease is primarily attributable to lower fixed cost absorption due to the decrease in Donaldson’s production volumes and the mix impact due to large Gas Turbine project shipments. Restructuring expenses included in gross margin were $0.5 million in the quarter and $0.7 million year-to-date. The lower fixed cost absorption and restructuring expenses were partially offset by the benefits from Donaldson’s ongoing “Continuous Improvement” initiatives.

Operating expenses for the quarter were $127.8 million, up 1.4 percent from last year’s $126.0 million. As a percent of sales, operating expenses were 21.4 percent compared to last year’s 21.7 percent. Operating expenses year-to-date were $252.5 million, or 21.3 percent of sales compared to $250.7 million, or 21.1 percent of sales last year. Restructuring expenses included in operating expenses were $0.9 million in the quarter and $1.0 million year-to-date. Their cost containment actions helped offset the restructuring expenses, higher pension expenses and incremental expenses related to their Strategic Business Systems project.

Donaldson’s effective tax rate for the quarter was 28.3 percent compared to a prior year rate of 29.6 percent. The decrease was primarily due to $0.8 million in tax benefits from the retroactive reinstatement of the Research and Experimentation Credit in the U.S. The year-to-date effective tax rate was 28.9 percent compared to a prior year rate of 27.3 percent 

As part of their ongoing share repurchase program Donaldson repurchased 320,000 shares, or 0.2 percent of their diluted outstanding shares, for $10.2 million during the quarter. Year-to-date they have repurchased 1,820,000 shares, or 1.2 percent of their diluted outstanding shares, for $61.0 million.

Fiscal Year 2013 Outlook

·      Donaldson is projecting their full-year sales to be approximately equal to last year’s record $2.5 billion. Their forecast is based on the Euro at US$1.34 and 94 Yen to the US$.

·      Their full-year operating margin forecast is 13.9 to 14.7 percent.

·      Their Fiscal Year 2013 tax rate is anticipated to be between 28 and 30 percent.

·      They forecast their Fiscal Year 2013 EPS to be between $1.61 and $1.81.

·      Cash generated by operating activities is projected to be between $240 and $270 million. Their capital spending is estimated to be between $90 and $100 million.

CECO Environmental Corp. Receives New Orders

CECO Environmental Corp., a leading global provider of air pollution control technology and systems, announced that it recently received several new orders totaling $11.4 million.

These new orders were from customers throughout the world in the refinery, automotive, utility and large industry sector in China, France, the United States, Canada, Mexico and the Middle East, as well as a natural gas utility in Argentina.

Jeff Lang, CECO’s Chief Executive Officer, commented, “We are pleased with our continued growth in new orders including from the natural gas utility market which has been an important area of growth for CECO.”

Phillip DeZwirek, Chairman of CECO, commented, “2013 will be another exciting year for CECO as we continue our focus on growth, improving margins and increasing shareholder value.”

Met-Pro Corporation’s Environmental Air Solutions Business Unit Receives Orders Totaling More than 2.3 Million Dollars

Met-Pro Corp. announced that the company’s Environmental Air Solutions business unit has received two orders totaling in excess of $2.3 million to supply Flex-Kleen® brand pulse jet dust collectors and product recovery systems to a large multi-national chemical manufacturer. The Flex-Kleen® equipment, with its Trap-10™ top bag removal system, was specified by a worldwide engineering firm as an integral part of the chemical manufacturer’s major plant expansion.

“This order demonstrates that the Environmental Air Solutions business unit is uniquely positioned to provide global multinational customers with a single source, total solution to their complex air emission and product recovery needs,” said Raymond De Hont, Met-Pro’s Chief Executive Officer and President. “It also reinforces our Flex-Kleen® brand’s reputation as a leader in this field.”

New Capital Equipment for Andrew Webron

Andrew Webron is very pleased to announce that they have just taken delivery of new equipment to support their strategic growth plan. They have invested in new fiber opening, carding, cross-folding, drafting and needling looms for the manufacture of dry filtration needle felts.

The new equipment will be in operation in May this year, once again leading the way in new technology. This investment follows on from the latest chemical impregnation line and lamination equipment.

Recent investment in laboratory equipment ensures that Andrew Webron continues to provide a full technical solution.

Tri-Mer and Enginuity Energy Form Strategic Alliance to Advance Biomass Initiatives

Tri-Mer Corp., a developer of advanced technologies for the control of NOx, fine particulate and industrial gases, and Enginuity Energy LLC, a renewable energy company and holder of patented Ecoremedy® gasification technology, have established a research agreement for the testing of biomass fuels at Enginuity Energy’s research and development lab in Harrisburg, PA.

The agreement gives Tri-Mer Corp. access to Enginuity Energy’s robust Ecoremedy® gasification technology, which economically gasifies a wide range of extremely high moisture and high ash content material; Enginuity Energy LLC will have access to Tri-Mer’s patented UltraCat catalyst filter system, which removes NOx, acid gases and particulate, also dioxins, in one system. The companies will conduct extensive air emission testing on a wide range of biomass fuels.

“We are extremely excited to be working with the technology leader in emissions control,” said David Mooney, Enginuity Energy’s Chairman and Chief Technology Officer, “With the addition of the UltraCat Technology to our already low-emission gasifier, we will be able to guarantee our clients the cleanest emissions in the industry.”

John Pardell, President of Tri-Mer Corp., noted, “The incredibly fuel-versatile Ecoremedy® gasifier offers us a terrific opportunity to demonstrate the superior filtration capabilities of the UltraCat Filtration System on a wide variety of materials.

Redecam Expands Presence in the North American Market

Redecam Group is an Italian company with more than 30 years’ experience providing high quality and highly-technological products and services to strategic sectors such as energy (power, waste-to-energy, biomass) and heavy industry (cement, lime, mining and metals), with references on six continents. Redecam Group specializes in the design, manufacturing and installation of solutions ranging from simple filtration equipment to complex flue gas treatment system.

The Redecam Group headquarters, located in Sesto San Giovanni (Milan) – Italy, is the hub of the company where they gather the technical, commercial and operational groups.

Other Redecam Group locations include commercial and operational offices in the U.S.A., Brazil, Australia and Chile, all supported by a network of agents covering the world.

The company has recently made some changes in their approach to the North American market. They have increased their staff in the U.S. over the past two months and will continue to do so. They are significantly increasing their administration and engineering offices and actually physically moved into new space on March 1st. They will be fabricating their standard flange-to-flange dust collectors in the United States which will improve delivery and allow them to maintain strict standards of product quality.

Ahlstrom Moving its Head Office

Ahlstrom’s head office moved to the Töölönlahti area in the center of Helsinki in the end of February 2013. The company’s current head office has been located in Salmissari in the western part of Helsinki since the end of 2007

Ahlstrom is a high performance fiber-based materials company, partnering with leading businesses around the world to help them stay ahead. Their products are used in a large variety of everyday applications such as filters, medical gowns and drapes, diagnostics, wall coverings, flooring and food packaging. They have a leading market position in the businesses in which they operate. In 2012, Ahlstrom’s net sales from the continuing operations (excluding Label and Processing business) amounted to €1 billion Their 3800 employees serve customers in 28 countries on six continents. Ahlstrom’s share is quoted on the NASDAQ OMX Helsinki.



BWF Envirotec is Extending its Product Portfolio with the PM-TEC Membrane Product Line

For more than 20 years now, BWF Envirotec has been producing innovative filter media for industrial filtration. BWF Envirotec is now extending the product portfolio with the new PM-Tec product line and is offering new filter media specifically used in filtration of minute dust particles. The name for the new product line originates in the English term for fine dust, “particulate matter.” The term particulate matter was coined at the end of the ‘80s by the U.S. environment protection authority, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) which introduced in the form of the so-called PM standard a classification in measurement of fine dust. This fine dust categorization is now used internationally for classification of fine dust.

The new PM-Tec product line represents the highest demands on a filter medium for industrial filtration. BWF Envirotec combines in the new product line first-rate carrier media consisting of needlona® needle felt or fiberglass fabric with a high-efficiency ePTFE membrane and the decades of experience in filter medium production. The continuous in-house process chain, starting with the manufacture of needlona® filter media, including the laminating process, to finishing of complete filter bags guarantees the high quality standard of PM-Tec.

The product line consists of a carrier medium on which an ePTFE membrane is laminated. The membrane produced from polytetrafluorethylene possesses characteristics which are optimally suited for use in industrial fine dust filtration.

Dust on the raw gas side impinges on the filter medium, is already retained on the surface and cannot penetrate into the carrier medium. Owing to the smooth and anti-adhesive surface, the particles do not embed themselves in the carrier medium but accumulate on the surface of the filter medium instead and are almost completely cleaned away during the dedusting process in the filtration system.

BWF Envirotec gives utmost priority to the latest state-of-the-art and ideal characteristics of the individual components in the new PM-Tec product line. The membrane structure is characterized by optimum orientation and fineness of the fibrils, in addition to a uniform pore size. A low-surface tension which reduces the adhesion of fine dusts in addition to a temperature resistance of up to 288° Censure optimum filtration properties. During the production process too, BWF Envirotec has perfected the manufacture of filter media. Consequently, in-line quality controls and constant air permeability monitoring are performed during the laminating process. The membrane-compatible presentation of the filter media during the entire production process ensures maximum quality. The most demanding emission requirements can be fulfilled by appropriate sewing and sealing technology during the manufacturing process.

Extremely low and stable differential behavior, constant gas volumetric flow, long service lives, low maintenance expenditure and utmost reliability furthermore characterize the PM-Tec product line from BWF Envirotec.

The PM-Tec product line for fine dust filtration is available with two different carrier media.

Fiberglass fabric offers high temperature resistance and is therefore encountered as a carrier for the ePTFE membrane in many industrial applications. The prerequisite for many years of successful use is a moderate gas composition and low mechanical stress of the fiberglass fabric during operation in addition to a specifically-adapted pretreatment of the fabric during manufacture. Under aggressive conditions of use, a carrier medium made of a customized needlona® needle felt can be selected that withstands the chemical and mechanical demands for a longer period that the fiberglass and therefore achieves longer service lives.

BWF Envirotec supplies the new product line as material from the roll for manufacturers of filter bags and as made-up filter bags for manufacturers or operators of industrial dedusting plants.

Control System CPFE Filter Manager Launched

After three years of intensive development work ITK Envifront’s new control and measurement system for filtration plants is ready for the market. The system comes with a lot of advanced accessories that will help the user to learn more about their filtration plant. Easiness of tracing faults on valves, bag failure, excessive compressed air consumption are only a few of the features that can be obtained with integrated accessories. The unique resistance control principle, developed for the former CPFA-control unit introduced already in 1994, has been refined among others with their own developed extreme accurate pressure sensors. The unit can handle four integrated pressure sensors, four analog 4-20 mA inputs ports and two analog 4-20 mA analog outputs as well as eight digital input and eight digital output signals as well as 196 power outputs 2V DC 2A.

Scientific Dust Collectors Announces New Nozzle Design Feature

Scientific Dust Collectors (SDC) announced the next generation of nozzle cleaning technology for reverse pulse jet dust collectors. SDC’s unique new cleaning nozzle provides an improvement in cleaning technology that achieves superior performance even at lower compressed air levels. These levels can be as low as 80 psig. SDC has a new technical paper that explains this feature.

SDC has used nozzle-based cleaning systems for pulse jet collectors in the manufacturing industry for over 32 years. The key to the performance of this cleaning system is the scientific design of the cleaning nozzle. This patented technology provides more induced cleaning air into the filter media than any other system available. SDC’s nozzle is able to increase the cleaning velocity to supersonic flow even at these lower compressed air levels thus saving energy and money.

Hollingsworth and Vose’s NanoWave a Finalist for Prestigious IDEA13 Achievement Award

Hollingsworth & Vose, a global leader in the supply of advanced materials for filtration, battery separator and industrial applications, announced that NanoWave® has been selected as a Roll Goods finalist for the prestigious IDEA13 Achievement Award. Fifteen of the most innovative and successful new products in the nonwovens and engineered fabrics industries over the past three years have been nominated for the awards.

NanoWave is an extended surface area, multi-layer filtration media for HVAC applications. Using nano- and coarse-fiber layers, NanoWave delivers 2.4 times the surface area of normal flat sheet media. The waved nanofiber layer allows for maximum mechanical efficiency with very low resistance, while more than doubling dust-holding capacity compared to standard synthetic media. A green product, NanoWave is composed of one polymer and can be incinerated to regain energy. NanoWave pocket filters achieved the highest filtration performance and deliver superior air quality. Other uses for NanoWave include residential filtration, liquid filtration and gas turbine intake air filtration.

The industry will select the recipients in each category through online voting at http://www.nonwovens-industry.com/2013-idea-achievement-awards/. Voting will remain open through March 29, 2013.



Final Rules Issued for Industrial, Commercial and Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters

On January 31, 2013,  the EPA took final action on its reconsideration of certain issues in the emission standards for the control of hazardous air pollutants from new and existing industrial, commercial and institutional boilers and process heaters at major sources of hazardous air pollutants, which were issued under Section 112 of the Clean Air Act. As part of this action, the EPA is making technical corrections to the final rule to clarify definitions, references, applicability and compliance issues raised by petitioners and other stakeholders affected by this rule.

In general, this final rule requires facilities classified as major sources of HAP with affected boilers or process heaters to reduce emissions of harmful toxic air emissions from these combustion sources. This will improve air quality and protect public health in communities where these facilities are located.

Recognizing the diversity of this source category and the multiple sectors of the economy this final rule effects, the EPA is revising certain subcategories for boilers and process heaters in this action that were established in the March 2011 final rule, based on the design of the combustion equipment. These revisions result in 19 subcategories for the boilers and process heaters source category. Numerical emission limits are established for most of the subcategories for five pollutants, CO, HCl, Hg and PM or TSM. The review of existing data and consideration of new data have resulted in changes to some of the emission limits contained in the March 2011 final rule. Overall, for both new and existing affected units, about 30 percent of the emission limits are more stringent, half are less stringent and 20 percent unchanged as compared to the March 2011 final rule. Also, based on its review and analysis of new data submissions, the EPA is establishing an alternative emission standard for CO, based on CEMS data for several subcategories with CO CEMS data available. This alternative standard is based on a 30-day rolling average for subcategories for which sufficient CEMS data were available for more than a 30-day period, or a 10-day rolling average for subcategories for which CEMS data were available for more than a 30-day period, or a 10-day rolling average for subcategories for which CEMS data were available for less than a 30-day period, and provides additional compliance flexibility to sources. All of the subcategories are subject to periodic tune-up work practices for dioxin/furan emissions.

The compliance dates for the rule are January 31, 2016, for existing sources and, January 31, 2013, or upon startup, whichever is later, for new sources. New sources are defined as sources that began operation on or after June 4, 2010.

The final rule affects 1700 existing major source facilities with an estimated 14,136 boilers and process heaters and the EPA projects an additional 1844 new boilers and process heaters to be subject to this final rule over the next three years. This final rule affects multiple sectors of the economy including small entities.

Standards for Portland Cement Industry Finalized

On February 12, 2013, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued the Final Rule for National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for the Portland Cement Manufacturing Industry and Standards of Performance for Portland Cement Plants.

In this action the EPA is finalizing amendments to the NESHAP for Portland cement plants and to the NSPS for Portland cement plants. These amendments respond to petitions for reconsideration filed by the Portland cement industry and to a decision by the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (DC Circuit). The EPA is retaining the stack emission standards for mercury, hydrogen chloride (HCl), and total hydrocarbons (THC) under the NESHAP, amending the stack emission standard for particulate matter (PM) under the NESHAP, and making a conforming amendment to the NSPS for PM. The amendments also include provisions which account for commingled HAP emissions from coal mills that are an integral part of the kiln, establish a continuous monitoring regime for parametric monitoring of PM, set work practice standards for startup and shutdown, and revise the compliance date for the PM, mercury, HCl, THC and clinker storage pile existing source standards under the NESHAP. The EPA is also retaining the affirmative defense for civil penalties for violations of emission limits occurring as a result of a malfunction.

EPA Issues Final Rule for Solid Waste Incineration Units

On February 7, 2013, the EPA issued a Final Rule for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units:  Reconsideration and Final Amendments; Non-Hazardous Secondary Materials That Are Solid Waste.

In general, the final rule establishes revised numeric emission limits for some new and existing CISWI units for certain of the nine pollutants listed in Section 129(a)(4) of the CAA.

The EPA established or revised standards for four subcategories of CISWI units in the 2011 CISWI rule:  incinerators; small remote incinerators; ERUs; and waste-burning kilns. The 2011 CISWI rule also included two subcategories of ERUs. In this final rule, EPA has further subcategorized ERUs and subcategorized waste-burning kilns based on design-type differences. Thus, the final rule includes three subcategories of ERUs and separate CO limits for two subcategories of waste-burning kilns.

They have further revised some of the CISWI limits proposed in the reconsideration notice in response to comments on CO span methodology and because they incorporated additional data, including new data submitted during the comment period. These changes primarily affect the ERU and waste-burning kiln subcategories but also affect some of the limits in each of the four subcategories.

To ensure compliance with the emission limits, this final rule establishes stack testing and continuous monitoring requirements. The rule allows sources to use CEMS if an owner or operator chooses to do so. Continuous parameters and emissions levels (if used) are measured as either a three-hour block or a 30-day rolling average basis, depending on the parameter being measured and the subcategory of CISWI.

Since sources may choose to cease or start combusting solid waste at any time due to market conditions or for other reasons, the final rule contains provisions that specify the steps necessary for sources to switch applicability between this final rule and other applicable emission standards issued pursuant to CAA Section 112. This rule also contains revisions to some of the monitoring, recordkeeping and reporting requirements.

The date existing sources must comply with the final CISWI rule depends primarily on state plan approval but may be no later than the date five years after publication of this final rule in the Federal Register. For new sources, the effective date is either August 7, 2013, or the date of startup of the source, whichever is later. New sources are defined as sources that began construction on or after June 4, 2010, or commenced reconstruction or modification after August 7, 2013.

The final rule affects106 existing sources located at 76 facilities. The EPA projects an additional incinerator and five additional small remote incinerators to be subject to this rule over the next five years. This final rule applies to facilities in multiple sectors of our economy including small entities.

U.S. EPA and State of Illinois Announce Settlement with H. Kramer

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the State of Illinois have signed a consent decree with H. Kramer and Co. to resolve violations of the Clean Air Act and state air pollution violations at the firm’s copper smelting foundry in the Pilsen neighborhood on the southwest side of Chicago. Under the terms of the settlement, H. Kramer will spend $3 million on new state-of-the-art pollution controls for the foundry, pay a $35,000 penalty and provide $40,000 to retrofit diesel school buses operating in the neighborhood and surrounding areas with controls to reduce air emissions.

The settlement resolves the federal government’s allegations that H. Kramer failed to maintain and operate furnaces at the foundry in a manner which controls lead emissions and that the company violated the Illinois State Implementation Plan by causing or allowing releases of lead into the air. The settlement also resolves Illinois’ claims that H. Kramer’s activities at the foundry resulted in lead emissions that caused or contributed to air pollution and created danger to the public and the environment. The consent decree requires H. Kramer to install new filters and other controls on two furnaces to reduce emissions and to continue to limit production of two lead alloys until the new equipment is installed.


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