Weekly selected highlights in flow
control, treatment and combustion from the many McIlvaine publications.
· Why can India justify Coal-fired Power Plant
Coal Fired Power Plant Decisions Locates the
Critical Insights Lost in the Wilderness of Available Knowledge
For Twenty-nine Years the Utility E-Alert has
Provided the Latest Power Plant Information
Cleanroom Projects and Existing Plants are Tracked
with Monthly Updates
Market Report Updates
Why can India
Justify Coal-fired Power Plant Expansion?
India is expanding coal-fired power capacity and can
justify it based on the Sustainability
Universal Rating System.
India expects coal-fired power capacity to grow by 22
percent in three years. That’s according to the Chief Engineer at the
country’s Federal Power Ministry, Ghanshyam Prasad, who Reuters reported as
stating coal capacity is likely to reach 238 GW by 2022.
India’s Coal Minister, Pralhad Joshi previously
said annual coal demand rose by 9.1 percent during the year ending March 2019, noting
the figure hit 991.35 million tons, driven primarily by utilities,
which accounted for three-quarters of total demand. The anticipated growth
is likely to affect efforts to cut emissions and could risk worsening already
poor air quality. India’s electricity demand rose by 36 percent in the
seven years up to April 2019, while coal-fired generation capacity during
the period rose by three-quarters to 194.44GW.
Pralhad Joshi said, despite the growth rate in
thermal capacity outpacing electricity consumption in the last few years,
more coal-fired power plants will still be needed in the future to meet
growth. He added: “If we have to
meet demand and address the intermittencies we have with solar and wind, we
have no choice but to keep depending on coal-based generation in the near
India must address the question of balancing the
benefits to the world vs. the benefits to citizens of India. Cardinal
Health contracted with McIlvaine to answer a similar question relative to
single-use surgical garments. Should a hospital throw away surgical
garments after each use or wash them? Washing exposes local hospital
clients to the risks of viruses in the water while manufacturing the
garments generates CO2 somewhere. One risk is personal and
immediate. The other risk is long term and general.
McIlvaine realized that it was
necessary to develop a common metric to measure harm and good. This
metric is labeled Quality Enhanced
Life Days (QELD). It is described in a hospital magazine article https://www.healthcaredevelopmentmagazine.com/.../quality-enhanced-life-days-a-ne... In terms of decision making, QELD is radically different from the
accepted medical metric Quality
Adjusted Life Years (QALY).
Let’s say an Indian without electricity
sleeps more hours at night. Without a large income he eats more fruit
and vegetables and less ice cream and pizza. The Indian without electricity
lives to age 90 while the Indian with electricity only lives to age
88. The QELD metric would rate the electricity option as superior
while the QALY metric rates the “no electricity” scenario as
superior. It is only common sense. Would you rather be in solitary
confinement for the next 50 years or only live 40 years longer leading your
The quality of life has to be taken into
account in any government policy. If coal-fired power can
give reliable electricity to millions 10 years earlier than a plan
that excludes coal, then the quality of life benefits have to be taken into
consideration. Discounted future value
has to be considered. The millionaire in the U.S. setting up a trust
fund for his grandchildren enhances his life quality with this sacrifice.
The Indian grandfather worried about the basic needs of his grandchildren
will take satisfaction from making life better for them now. Since many of
the negative impacts of greenhouse gases are long term, there is the
necessity to realize that the discounted future value is dependent on the
personal QELD of the individual.
It would be possible for the Indian
government to estimate the cumulative QELD for all Indians for any
policy and then choose the one with the greatest aggregate QELD. Bob
McIlvaine welcomes your thoughts on this metric. You can reach him at 847 784 0013, cell 847 226 2391 or email@example.com
Coal Fired Power Plant Decisions locates
the Critical Insights Lost in the Wilderness of Available Knowledge
A millennium before Columbus proved that
the earth was not flat a number Greek scholars knew it was round. History
is filled with important knowledge which disappears at least
temporarily. This has been true for
coal fired power plant combust, flow and treatment (CFT) technologies. Lets take
FGD scrubbers as an example.
Invented and Location
- Austrian patent for coal gas scrubber
- AAF Rotoclone
- U.S. Navy Key West - Clam Shells
(maybe not lost but not utilized by power plants)
121 Scrubber 1980s
by Acquirer in favor of spray
Rod Scrubber 2010
Natural Oxidation Venturi Scrubber
utilized since the 1970s
be a winner due to toxic metals
Stage Scrubber with HCl and REE Recovery
1970 United Engineers, Environeering, Philadelphia Electric
years before REE recovery became important
option should be prioritized over flyash landfills
Environeering prided itself on acquiring
many scrubber patents. Most applications had to take into account the prior
art of Johnstone, a university professor.
Later research by the McIlvaine Company uncovered an Austrian patent
vintage 1890 that would have invalidated the Johnstone patent.
When Environeering and its partner
Combustion Engineering commenced designing the world’s first commercial
limestone FGD system the only relevant experience to be found was a
turbulent pool scrubber on a fuel oil fired boiler at a navy base in Key
West. The calcium source was ground seashells. It is very likely that
Chiyoda was not aware of this small installation when it invented a
turbulent pool scrubber used presently in a number of power plants.
The original Environeering/CE design used
marbles but a rod deck improvement was provided after a few years.
Ironically Environeering was acquired and in a game of musical chairs
became part of organizations with spray tower scrubbers. They used the ‘not invented here”
criterion to reject the rod deck scrubber. The group was later acquired by
Andritz who invented a rod deck scrubber as an improvement over the spray
tower. It is unlikely that any of
the original rod deck knowledge was used
by Andritz. But maybe it was.
could have had access to Coal Fired
Boiler Decisions. This service was created to make sure knowledge was
not lost and that new designs could be properly evaluated. Until recently
it was funded through subscriptions by utilities as well as suppliers. However,
it is now available free of charge to utilities. This easy access should encourage
utilities in India, Vietnam, Malaysia and other countries to make the
system the basis of important decisions.
more information on this service click on 44I Coal Fired Power Plant Decisions
McIlvaine can answer your questions at
847 784 0013, firstname.lastname@example.org.
For Twenty-nine Years the
Utility E-Alert has Provided the Latest Power Plant Information
can receive this weekly alert for just $ 950/yr. Or you can receive it part of the Utility
Tracking Package as explained at Power
Generation Markets and Projects
#1433 – August 9, 2019 Table of Contents
COAL – U.S.
Energy continues its appeal of State’s Coal ash-related decision to excavate Ash Basins
Corners installs SCR on Two Boilers along with DSI
· US Utility dismisses CCS Technology for
San Juan Plant as “unproven, costly” Technology
· FirstEnergy Solutions Accelerates
Deactivation of Bruce Mansfield Unit 3
COAL – WORLD
Development Bank avoids Coal lending without formal Policy
decides to close Aberthaw B Coal Plant in the UK
can India justify Coal-fired Power Plant expansion?
Top Indian Power Plants are highlighted in Power Magazine
Electric and Chinese Company back Mozambique Coal Plant
Stadtwerke München increases Energy Efficiency and Flexibility with
GE’s Environmentally Friendly District Heating Plant Upgrades in Germany
GE’s 7F DLN2.6+ Flex Technology helps Southern California Public
Power Authority Obtain More Operational Flexibility
New Nuclear Reactor needed to test “Fast”
· Air Products completes acquisition of GE's Gasification
Business and Technology
& Wilcox Segment nearly doubled adjusted EBITDA to $19.0 Million
Plant Chemistry Forum slated for Washington Next Month
Scrubber and SOx-NOx Conference considerations
Crane provides solution for Pump Seal problems at German Power Plant
Power Plant High Pressure Isolation Valve
supplying Dry Scrubbers and NOx Control
Projects and Existing Plants are Tracked with Monthly Updates
can search for cleanroom projects by date industry and country but also see
existing cleanrooms in 80A
World Cleanroom Projects. One of the fastest growing areas is
biopharmaceuticals. Here are several recent projects.
SGS Celebrates Opening of the Biologics
Testing Facility Expansion
Glasgow now boasts 25,824 sq. ft. (2,400 sq. meter) floor space and
additional capabilities for testing cell banks and routine bulk harvest
extended state-of-the-art facility now doubles the total floor space from
1,200 sqm to 2,400 sqm
laboratory space provides SGS with additional capabilities for testing cell
banks and routine bulk harvest for vaccines, gene and cell therapies,
monoclonal antibodies and other recombinant protein based biological
medicines and will increase the capacity of all existing biosafety services
and enhanced real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) platforms.
Boehringer Investment to Expand Oral
Solid Dosage Production in Mexico
pharmaceutical company Boehringer Ingelheim has announced a
multimillion-dollar investment that will see the expansion of its
manufacturing capacity in Mexico over the next two years. Miguel Salazar,
president and CEO of the company for Mexico, Central America and the
Caribbean, made the announcement.
Xochimilco, just over a one-hour drive from the capital city to the south,
Boehringer Ingelheim's plant specializes in oral dosage anti-diabetic
drugs. The company said the investment plant will take at least one billion
Mexican pesos (US$52 million).
N121 MBR Markets and Strategies this
report is in preparation. It will
include results from interviews at WEFTEC in September. This is part of a silobuster program to expand
MBR knowledge in wastewater.
N029 Ultrapure Water: World Market. Coal
fired power is still a growth market with lots of new coal fired plant plus
upgrades to ultrasupercritical in China.
The semiconductor market has been growing while biopharmaceuticals
are boosting the pharma segment.
N028 Industrial Valves: World Market Coal
will remain larger than gas turbine or nuclear. The U.S. market will
benefit from increased oil and gas extraction due to fracking.
N026 Water and Wastewater Treatment Chemicals: World Market. Fracking
adds a new market for producers.
N031 Industrial IoT and Remote O&M Automation
and remote monitoring are accelerating in power, oil, gas, mining and many
N024 Cartridge Filters: World Market Markets
for purifying water for residents and businesses are matched by industrial
opportunities which include process uses such as single use
N020 RO, UF, MF World Market Zero
liquid discharge is a big driver of this market. Produced water and desalination are also
N019 Pumps World Market Hydraulic fracturing pump revenues are large and
growing. Specialty applications in the chemical, petrochemical, and pharma
segments require unique pump designs. This results in high margins and
N006 Liquid Filtration and Media World Markets. Manufactured
wet sand plants require filter presses.
More are now being used in dredging operations. So aggregate is a
N005 Sedimentation and Centrifugation World Markets.
Lots of new needs for disc and decanter centrifuges in the food industry.
Subscribers will be able to purchase a special report on the food industry
with eight industry sub segments and more than 20,0000 forecasts. This
includes forecasts for individual producers. Brazil produces 52% of the
worlds sugar. Three producers are the major centrifuge purchasers.
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