Valve World Markets Update

January 2004













Rotork Actuators Used in Fina Antwerp Refinery

The Fina Antwerp Olefins refinery has been the subject of a thorough revamp and expansion project known as NC2X, which is now in its final stages. The project has the objective to increase annual ethylene production capacity to 1.4 million tons whilst also introducing improved safety systems. Rotork valve actuators are already used on the site, which was originally built fifty years ago. Therefore, IQ and AQ electric actuators, together with Fluid System actuators, mostly fitted with K-Mass fireproof coatings, were specified for the automation and expansion of the NC2 plant, which has been in operation since 1969. For the compressors, located at the beginning of the process, a special design was conceived to automate the large, previously manually operated emergency block (shut down) valves. These gate valves, in sizes up to 42, isolate and protect the main plant from the supply of product in the event of a gas leak or fire. The design ensures accurate remote valve position indication to enable the compressors to be safely shut down. Each valve spindle is fitted with an indication rod the same length as the valve size (42 inch valve = 42 inch indication rod). The rods are made of two materials in equal proportion - top half stainless steel, bottom half aluminum.

Voith Siemens Hydro Power to Provide Valves to Striven Power Plant

Voith Siemens Hydro Power Generation has just received a rehabilitation contract for Striven hydro power station in Scotland. This is the first contract outside the USA where Voith Siemens Hydro is implementing its "Integrated Services "(IS) strategy into practice in a complete rehabilitation project. The principal objective of "Integrated Services" is to achieve the technically and commercially optimized realization of a project in co-operative partnership, resulting in an optimum "return of investment" situation for the operator. A framework agreement with the customer Scottish & Southern Energy Generation Ltd. (SSE) had already been signed at the beginning of July 2003. Shortly afterwards, the first contract for the replacement of the guide vanes was placed. Owing to the good results during the handling of this part contract and the convincing efficiency of the system, the follow-up order for the complete replacement of the turbines, generators as well as the shut off valves could now be signed. Striven hydropower station at Loch Sloy is equipped with two Francis turbines and will, after rehabilitation, have a total installed output of eight megawatt. By the end of 2004, the highly efficient plant will generate electric power for base and peak load requirements within the British grid. With this move, Scottish & Southern Energy Generation Ltd. is further expanding its leading position as a supplier of renewable power in the British market.

Flowserve Flow Control Valves to Lundbeck Group

Flowserve's distributor, BSS, supplied the units to the new state-of-the-art Lundbeck plant based in Seal Sands Middlesbrough. The Lundbeck Group is a modern, research-based pharmaceutical company with a strong presence worldwide and is a world leader in producing and marketing products for the treatment of disorders of the central nervous system. The Flowserve valves are incorporated into a new facility that produces bulk API, Cipralex, an antidepressant intermediate that is shipped to Denmark and Ireland for conversion into tablet form.

Worcester and Gestra valves were specified by Lundbeck to handle water, steam, thermal fluids, glycols and similar media, and include certain high-specification valves such as the P221 for use on the thermal fluids. Norbro actuators, which are a Lundbeck standard, are used throughout the plant. The facility, which incorporates the largest SMB chromatography unit in the world, forms part of a new self-sufficient plant built on the site next to the existing installation. It has enabled Lundbeck to double the size of the operation and increase its local workforce to 128.


Grundfos Purchases Philipp Hilge

As of 1 January 2004, the pump manufacturing Grundfos Group has taken over 94 per cent of the shares in the German based pump-manufacturing group Philipp Hilge GmbH. With the takeover Grundfos expands its product portfolio and hopes to achieve a synergy effect in sales. The foundation Stiftung Berdelle - Hilge owns the remaining six per cent of the shares. While Grundfos develops and manufactures pumps for nearly any purpose within the field of fluid transportation, Hilge specializes in a rather more specific area. The company focuses exclusively on the development of pumps that meet the particularly strict hygienic requirements of breweries and the dairy, food and pharmaceutical industries. It has been decisive for the realization of the acquisition that Grundfos - like Hilge - places great emphasis on sustainable relations with customers as well as employees and the public in general. So far, Grundfos has substantiated the honorable intentions with all its acquisitions. Following the acquisition by Grundfos, the turnover of all the acquired companies has increased and today they account for 17 per cent of the total Grundfos Group turnover. Last year, Hilge's turnover was approximately € 30m. In the course of only a few years Grundfos expects to double Hilge's turnover.

Grundfos will continue to market Hilge's products in Hilge's own name. Hilge is one of the world's leading manufacturers of pumps for the pharmaceutical and food industries. Furthermore, the company develops customized industrial solutions as well as solutions within environmental and surface technology. Hilge consists of three production companies in Germany, France and Switzerland and of smaller installation, service and distribution companies in England, Austria and India. About 60 per cent of Hilge's 200 employees work in the main office in Bodenheim, Germany.

ITT Industries Reports 2003 Year Revenues up 13 Percent

ITT Industries, Inc. continued its revenue, earnings and cash flow growth trends, reporting fourth quarter 2003 net income of $108.1 million, up $13 million or 14 percent over the period in 2002, including the impact of one time items. Diluted earnings per share (EPS) for the quarter, including the net benefit of special items, was $1.15 up $0.14 per share from reported EPS in the fourth quarter 2002. Fourth quarter revenues were up 22 percent to $1.52 billion, attributable mostly to revenue gains in Defense and Fluid Technology, and the positive impact of foreign currency translation.

Reported net income for the full year 2003 was $403.9 million and EPS was $4.29, both up 6 percent over the full year 2002. The comparison includes the $0.65 per share favorable impact of tax refunds, settlements and discontinued operations, all of which were offset by $0.22 per share net restructuring costs during the year. Full year 2003 revenues were $5.63 billion, up 13 percent driven by increased sales in the Defense, Fluid Technology and Motion & Flow Control segments and the positive impact of foreign currency translation.

ITT just completed its tender offer for more than 88 percent of the shares of WEDECO, the world’s leading provider of ultraviolet and ozone water disinfection technology. This acquisition, together with the recent purchase of Hengtong, a China-based water filtration company, continues the repositioning of ITT’s water treatment business to include all key water treatment technologies in all regions of the world to take advantage of significant growth potential in this area. In the first quarter 2003, the company acquired VEAM, a global producer of electrical connectors, and Wellpoint Uniserve, a provider of submersible pumps.

Fourth quarter 2003 Fluid Technology revenues rose 17 percent or $88.9 million to $611.6 million, driven by organic growth in water/wastewater and the positive impact of foreign currency translation. Operating income was flat at $66.7 million, and up $7.6 million to $79.6 million excluding the impact of restructuring. Full year Fluid Technology revenue rose 15 percent to $2.25 billion, while operating income rose 8 percent to $271.4 million.

The water and wastewater businesses (including Flygt, Sanitaire and the Water Technology Division) continues its growth trend, following ongoing strong demand in international markets. Excluding acquisitions and currency translation, revenue for the water and wastewater businesses grew 7 percent in the quarter. The addition of WEDECO to the segment’s Sanitaire division positions the company as the market leader in UV and ozone water disinfection, which are attractive alternatives to chlorine treatment. Adding disinfection to the product portfolio has long been a strategic priority for our Fluid Technology group in the face of new regulations concerning wastewater treatment and the company sees significant growth potential in the years ahead. WEDECO is expected to add approximately $125-$140 million in 2004 revenues. Another recently completed acquisition, Hengtong, with approximately $8 million in annual sales, enhances Sanitaire’s filtration business in the important Asian market. Already, the Sanitaire group has won a $4 million order to provide biological treatment equipment for a project in Singapore. The Fluid Technology group is pursuing new business opportunities related to reconstruction work in Iraq. Most notably, the Industrial Pump group landed an order for more than $800 thousand for pumps to help rebuild the country’s power system.


Janus Control Valve Operates on Water as the Hydraulic Fluid

The Water Hydraulics Company assisted by a DTI Smart Innovation Award has succeeded in reducing the cost differential of the ranges by design. A new range of patent-protected valves that offer both pressure and flow control are now available for general sale. The unique Janus control valves offer directional flow and pressure control for system pressures up to 200bar - not just for water but any corrosive low-viscosity fluid. The operating principle is a hydrostatically balanced face valve that mimics the function of a spool arrangement. Functions not commonly available from a single valve, such as a 4/3 directional control can now be supplied. A bolt-on pilot operated check in both single- and double-acting versions is available for load-holding applications. Manufactured in 316 stainless steel and polymer as standard, many suitable bearing material combinations can be offered, from polymer to ceramic. The appropriate selection is made with respect to operating pressure, system fluid, temperature and fluid contamination level. The design is very tolerant to fluid contamination: the sealing forces generated by the operating pressure produce submicron clearances that restrict entry of contamination to the bearing interfaces.

Fisher Introduces New Slurry Control Valve

Emerson Process Management introduces the Fisher® Slurry Vee-Ball® control valve. The valve provides a longer service life in metals and mining applications when compared with other valve types. The Slurry Vee-Ball features a rugged construction, wear-resistant trim materials, and an unrestricted straight through flow path that make the design ideal for controlling the most abrasive of slurries. It is available in 3", 4", 6", 8", 10" and 12" sizes. The Slurry Vee-Ball, when used with the Fisher FIELDVUE® digital valve controller, powers Emerson’s PlantWeb® digital plant architecture to deliver diagnostic data, further contributing to maintenance productivity by enabling proactive, scheduled maintenance.

Dresser Sells LVF Valve to Former Managing Director

Effective December 16, 2003, Dresser, Inc. sold the capital stock of LVF S.p.A., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company to Mr. Belotti, the former managing director of LVF S.p.A., for a total purchase price of approximately $24.0 million, (20.7 million Euros at an exchange rate of 1.1605) and the assumption of approximately $5.5 million in debt. Dresser incurred a net loss on the transaction of approximately $4.5 million. The sale of LVF S.p.A. was consummated pursuant to a share purchase agreement dated November 7, 2003 between LVF Holding S.r.l., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, and Mr. Belotti.

Vector & Wellheads Engineering Taken Over Clients and Employees of Walthon Weir Pacific

Vector & Wellheads Engineering SL has started with the former employees of Walthon Weir Pacific and has been assisting their former customers. Vector manufactures the same range of products as WWP--ball, gate, globe, check, butterfly and control valves for power plants including nuclear, oil and gas, and petrochemical plants. Vector is located in Zaragoza, Spain. Vector & Wellheads is owned by Tembi Energy Industries, an Iranian company, headquartered in Tehran.


Many projects are detailed in monthly updates to this report under Industry Analysis in the Oil and Gas Chapter. Here are the December Headlines.

ChevronTexaco to Step up Capital Spending
Remington Oil and Gas Corporation Announces Three Offshore Discoveries
White River National Forest Targeted for Gas Drilling
Energy Deal Setback for Alaska LNG Line
Grasslands Pipeline Open
Alaska Gas, Oil Prices Rise to Stimulate Exploration
Liquefied Natural Gas Facility Planned in N. J.
Cheniere to Build Two LNG Terminals
LNG Deal Advances to Solid Footing
Petrosearch Forms Pursuit Petrosearch, L.L.C. Subsidiary to Develop Deep Wilcox Gas Play
Valero Acquires Natural Gas Liquid Facilities for $20 Million
Murphy Oil Shares Slide in Year-End Trading
Petro-Canada Earmarks $2.6 Billion for Projects
Grand Prairie Experiencing Record Growth
Oil Sands Giant Makes Second Cut to 2003 Production
Imperial Ponders Kearl Upgrading Refinery
Royal Dutch/Shell Will Co-Own Baja Terminal
Petrobras to Revamp US$6.9bn/y Investment Plan
Suriname Oil Block Draws Interest from Repsol YPF
Hind Petro to Tap Reliance on Pipeline Sharing Deal
PEL to Undertake Oil and Gas Exploration in Gotki, Jacobabad Districts
PetroChina Assessing Indonesian Oil and Gas Blocks
Indonesia's Energy Revenue to Reach $9.4 Billion
Shell Shifts its Focus and Sells Thai Stakes
Thai Oil Expects 2003 Net Profit To Exceed THB7.6 Bln
UAE Co Welcomes Thailand's PTT To Join LNG Project
PTT Pays $205 Million for Two Fields
Oil and Gas Industry Rides on Improved Extracting Capacity
Libya Move May Pave Way for Return of US Oil Groups
Shell Canvasses Aggressive Oil Exploration Campaign
EU Approves Joint Russian Oil Venture
CanArgo Announces Kazakhstan Deal
Middle East's Gas Resources Still Under-Developed
Gasco Invites Bids for Gas-Development Project
First Phase of Iran's South Pars Gas Field Project to Come on Stream Soon
Russian Firms Become Active in Iran
Political Change in Iraq will Attract Investment in Oil and Gas
Iraq to Open Oil Bidding to Russia and France
Noble Energy, Inc. Announces Startup of Natural Gas Production from the Giant Mari-B Field Offshore
Yam Thetis to Provide Natural Gas to Oil Refineries in Ashdod
Oman's Gas Reserves Seen at 30tcf
900m Qatar GTL Project Begins
Upstream Oil Projects among Saudi Aramco's $18bn Expansion Plan


Many projects are detailed in monthly updates to this report under Industry Analysis in the Pulp & Paper Chapter. Here are the January Headlines.

Griffin Energy to Build Western Australia's First Pulp Mill
IP to Increase Capacity at Svetogorsk
Espirito Santo Pulp Mill Expansion Completed
Jacareí Pulp Mill Expansion Completed
Stendal Kraft Pulp Mill to Start in 2004
Veracel Pulp Mill Project Slated for 2005 Startup


Huge pump expenditures are forecast for flue gas desulfurization systems in the U.S. and China. The specific projects are not listed in this report but are available separately in World Power Generation Projects and in Utility Environmental Upgrade Tracking System.


Extensive Project Information this month in Refinery Chapter.

Many projects are detailed in monthly updates to this report under Industry Analysis in the Refinery Chapter. Here are the headings for December.

Valero Energy Plans More Refinery Improvements
Dominion Receives Approval for Two Expansion Projects
Enbridge Energy Partners to Acquire Mid-Continent Crude Oil Pipeline and Storage Systems for
$131 Million
Ivanhoe Energy to Acquire Equity Interest in Ensyn Petroleum International
Premcor Will Close its Clayton Office
Sunoco Completes FTC Regulatory Review Process to Acquire El Paso Corporation Eagle Point Refinery
Valero Signs Oil Transportation Agreement with Link Energy
Shell to Sell Its Cushing/Ozark/Woodpat/Osage Pipeline System; Culminates a Year of Several Divestitures from Non-Strategic U.S. Assets
Petro-Canada Downsizes Oilsands Expansion Plan to $1.2B Refinery Upgrade
Brazil Needs to invest US$13bil in Petroleum Refining
Petrobras Exports Up
Brazil's Crude Exports Up
Petropar Tenders Fuel Oil Importing Contract
Asian Refiners Moving to Higher Quality
China Sinopec Buys Oil Refinery Assets for CNY356 Mln
Substantial Increase in Demand for Oil
Sinochem Eyes more Overseas Oil and Refining Projects
Formosa to Boost Refining Capacity 80%
Indian Oil Money Targets Haldia
Paradip Refinery on Course
Reliance Tops in Oil Exports
Mirijjawila Oil Refinery Construction Finalized
Sinopec Denies Involvement in Sri Lanka Energy Project
Shell Outlines Net Charges of $1 Billion
YUKOS Planning Increase in Oil Output
Kuwaiti Oil to be Refined in Egypt
Nigeria"s FG Pumps Fresh $150m into Refineries
Tatneft, LG, Nizhnekamskneftekhim to Construct a Deep Oil Refinery
Cnpp Wants Refineries Repaired
Sasol Oil and Exel Get Go-Ahead to Merge
ONGC to Sign a Deal with Sudanese Govt
Bahrain’s BAPCO: The Fight over Financing


These projects are included in a separate report World Cleanroom Projects.


United States


Southern California Desal

Seawater Desalination Projects Proposed for Southern California include


West Basin

Long Beach




Size (mgd)







El Segundo or Redondo Beach

Within Long Beach


Dana Point or San Onofre








Capital Cost

$130 million

$62-$92 million

$70 million

$114-140 million

$272 million

Unit Cost/AF






Monterey County residents concerned over the proposal of desalination plant
Approximately 80 people packed the Moss Landing Chamber of Commerce to get information pertaining to the prospect of the Moss Landing community getting yet another large industrial complex within its confined quarters.

A presentation by California-American Water Co., a private water company that provides water to much of the Monterey Peninsula, and various Monterey County officials highlighted the preliminary facts on the prospects of building a desalination plant on the old refractory site off of Dolan Road.

"We have made a promise to keep coming back to you and keeping you informed on this process," said Steve Leonard, local manager for Cal-Am. "We are going to keep doing that." Cal-Am is looking into the possibility of building a 10-acre reverse osmosis desalination plant in Moss Landing to address a 1995 State Water Resources Control Board order to halt the pumping of water from the Carmel River.

The lead agency overseeing the project is the California Public Utilities Commission, though Monterey County has the authority to issue land-use permits and the California Coastal Commission oversees all building along the coast and could reject the project if it deems it detrimental to the environment.

The desalination plant in Moss Landing would produce 10,730 acre-feet of water per year to account for the 69 percent of Monterey Peninsula's water that historically has come from the Carmel River.

The current proposal put forth by Cal-Am would deliver water to individuals living in the Monterey Peninsula Water Management District, which includes the area served by Cal-Am. This includes Seaside, Sand City, Monterey, Del Rey Oaks, Pacific Grove, Pebble Beach, Carmel and Carmel Valley.

Curtis Weeks, general manager of the Monterey County Water Resource Agency, said he would like to see a larger desalination plant serve the entire "region" as opposed to previously the named cities and areas.

Desalination plan attracts concerns
As the possibility of a desalination plant in Santa Cruz moves closer to reality, the public is weighing in with its concerns. About two dozen people attended a meeting to discuss the plan to boost the city’s water supply. The two-hour discussion at the Santa Cruz Police Department included a deluge of concerns about the project’s impact on marine ecology, industrial emissions and population growth.

Many also questioned why other water supply alternatives besides desalination did not receive more consideration. In particular, some favored watershed enhancement as a strategy for bolstering groundwater sources, which currently make up only 5 percent of the city’s water supply.

An oversight committee will meet Dec. 18 to review the comments. A list of all concerns so far can be downloaded from the City of Santa Cruz Web site three days before the meeting, which is open to the public.

The desalination proposal culminates a three-year city effort to create an integrated water plan. The plan’s other components address rationing and conservation.

The city is trying to decide whether it would operate a desalination plant on its own or share the plant with the Soquel Creek Water District, which would use the water to help supplement its aquifers.

The plant’s construction is projected to take two years and cost around $35 million. If Santa Cruz operates it alone, the plant would pump out 2.5 million gallons per day during the one to two drought years each decade. The city uses about 12 million gallons in an average day. If the Soquel District joins the project, the plant would likely operate every year but at lower levels.

Proposed three-acre desalination areas include the industrial park at the corner of Natural Bridges Drive and Delaware Avenue, the area near Antonelli’s Pond and Shaffer Road and the Terrace Point area north of the UC Santa Cruz Long Marine Lab.

Major Orange County water district is considering a public-private partnership for a desalination project.
A major supplier of water in Orange County is exploring potential partnerships between government and industry to develop a desalination plant that could help reduce demands on the county's vast groundwater basin.

The efforts of the Orange County Water District come as Huntington Beach is considering a private venture by Poseidon Resources to build and operate a $250-million desalination facility at the AES power plant on Pacific Coast Highway.

Poseidon project manager Billy Owens said the company wants approval from the city. But it could join a future partnership with a water agency, he said, if that agency chose, for example, to pursue its own desalination project at the AES site. If the city rejects Poseidon's proposal, "the worst-case scenario is that we could come back in one year and refile ourselves," Owens said. "If the water agencies get impatient, they could decide to do something themselves."

Orange County Water District officials have been interested in ocean desalination to reduce demands on groundwater supplies and secure alternative sources of water. "It might fit in with Poseidon's plans, and it might not. But the time is ripe to look at whether ocean desalination makes sense in Orange County," said Denis R. Bilodeau, president of the water district's board of directors.

This year, the district joined forces with the Municipal Water District of Orange County in a conceptual study of a desalination plant that could be built at the AES site in Huntington Beach. The production capacity would be 50 million gallons of fresh water a day, the same as Poseidon's plan.

In the study, water districts in the county would manage the project and contract with a developer — in this case Shea Construction Co. — to build the plant. Huntington Beach, Fountain Valley and Newport Beach would receive water from the facility and reduce reliance on the groundwater basin by 95%.

Through grants and subsidies, the report stated, the cost of desalinated water could be reduced to between $359 and $880 per acre-foot, which is 326,000 gallons, enough for two families for a year.

Without subsidies, desalinated water costs between $609 and $1,130 per acre-foot, the report stated. Imported water from the Colorado River costs about $500 per acre-foot; water from the county aquifer costs about $150 per acre-foot.

The study was released in October as the Poseidon project was making its way through Huntington Beach City Hall. The Municipal Water District of Orange County has not proceeded further. But the Orange County Water District is continuing to consider the proposal.


Desalination builder declares bankruptcy
The builder of a desalination plant expected to be the country's largest declared bankruptcy after the facility had problems turning water from salty Tampa Bay into drinking water.

Covanta Tampa Construction said difficulties with two subcontractors and clogged filters have delayed operations.

The bankruptcy filing prevented Tampa Bay Water, a utility serving 2 million customers, from finding someone else to finish the $110 million job. The utility had threatened to fire Covanta in two weeks.

"They have chosen a path of delay rather than a path of performance," said Don Conn, a lawyer for Tampa Bay Water.

Covanta officials said the filing guaranteed they will finish the plant with no increase in cost.

The plant was supposed to have been in working order by last spring, according to the utility, producing 25 million gallons of drinking water every day -- the largest output from a single plant in the United States.

EPA denies state request
Federal officials refused the state's request to continue dumping treated phosphate waste water in the Gulf of Mexico under an emergency permit after Nov. 30. As a result, the state plans to resume discharging about 2 million gallons of the industrial waste daily into Bishop Harbor, a small, shallow area off Tampa Bay. The water, high in nitrogen, could spur the growth of algae in the harbor. Excess algae, in turn, could kill sea grass, used as food and shelter by sea creatures.

However, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency said it couldn't extend the Gulf dumping because the situation at the defunct Manatee County phosphate processing plant, called Piney Point, no longer qualifies as an emergency under federal regulations.

The state has been battling to keep untreated acidic water, a byproduct of turning phosphate ore into fertilizer, from bursting or overflowing high impoundment walls at Piney Point. DEP officials took control of the impoundment, called a phosphogypsum stack, in early 2001 after the Mulberry Corp. went bankrupt.

Aided by nearly two months of dry weather, water levels in the stack have dropped significantly, and no longer pose an unacceptable risk to human health. Also, the EPA noted, the state has alternatives to dumping the waste in the Gulf -- key criteria under federal rules for getting the emergency permit. J.I. Palmer Jr., the EPA Southeast regional administrator, told the Florida Department of Environmental Protection in a letter that the permit extension "is not warranted."

David White, Southeast regional director for the Ocean Conservancy, said he was "delighted," adding that the state should look for disposal methods besides the Gulf and Bishop Harbor. "We believe this set a national precedent drastically lowering standards for what it takes to get an ocean dumping permit," he said.

Heavy rains last winter boosted the Piney Point waste water to a perilous stage. The EPA responded in April by granting the state an emergency Gulf water dumping permit for more than 500 million gallons of the waste through Nov. 30.

Nearly 25 million gallons of Piney Point water was dumped in Bishop Harbor in September and October. About 300 million gallons has been dumped there this year. The DEP estimates that it will pipe 2 million gallons per day into Bishop Harbor in December and 1 million gallons per day in January. The plan calls for the Bishop Harbor discharges to end in February -- assuming there's no unusually heavy rainfall.

The decline in Bishop Harbor dumping will only be feasible if an often-delayed, new reverse-osmosis system, using pressure and special filters to cleanse the waste water, are available as expected early next year.


Some Illinois water still has too much radium
For the past two years, dozens of central Illinois communities have scrambled to find money to fix radium-tainted water supplies. Under a federal mandate, the cities and towns had until December 8 to have a plan in place.

In December 2000, the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency said 99 communities throughout the state were in violation of federal standards by having too much radium in their drinking water. They were given three years to get a plan in place on how to deal with the radium levels.

The IEPA suggested several options to fix water supply problems, including connecting with non-contaminated water mains in neighboring towns and reverse-osmosis. The IEPA also instructed towns to submit a proposed correction plan and timeline by the deadline, but some have yet to respond.

According to IEPA spokeswoman Joan Muraro, 47 towns have turned in plans, an additional seven are expected to conform by July 1 and four more should be in compliance by December 2004.

"After today, we will be sending violation notices to the villages who have not complied," Muraro said. "We know that some towns are having trouble getting money." This year, the IEPA dished out more than $35 million for water projects with radium

removal at the top of the list.

In central Illinois, Spring Valley received a $1.3 million loan from the IEPA for a reverse-osmosis water treatment plant that will create bottle quality water. "We are still in the process of building the plant," said water treatment plant operator Kevin Sawicki. "We hope to be in operation by late summer 2004."

Kewanee received a $9.5 million IEPA loan for the construction of two reverse-osmosis plants. "We've been under construction since August," said water plant operation manager Mike Rapczak. "The plant being built on the north side of town is scheduled to be finished by early summer and the other won't be complete for another year after that."

Smaller communities report trouble finding money.

Muraro said towns that fail to comply will be referred to the attorney general, which will result in a court order.


Commission OKs water-rate hike
Garden City commissioners and staff agree: The increase in the city's water rates are a bargain for what city water customers will be receiving. "We are very pleased," said City Manager Bob Halloran. "We've tried to keep the cost as low as possible. The increase was only as large as is required."

The rate increase was another step in a three-year process of completing the city's new reverse-osmosis water treatment plant.

The Wheatland Electric Co-op's plant, 1820 W. Kansas Ave., was a $7.5 million investment for Wheatland Electric Co-op, with the city adding $2.6 million. The city's $2.6 million came from a Kansas Department of Health and Environment loan. The water-rate increase will be used to pay back the loan, as well as finance upkeep of the plant, Halloran said. The first bond payment is due in August 2004.

Halloran said the plant cost the city $400,000 less than what was originally expected. The city had expected water rates to increase up to 20 cents. The new, 15-cent increase is set to take effect after the first of the year, or whenever the plant is pumping water to the city. The plant is expected to start treating Garden City's water sometime in December, but its unknown exactly when.


NAS redevelopment searches for water

The future of the South Shore's largest development project will begin to take shape, when several new scenarios for the South Weymouth Naval Air Station are presented to the public. On Thursday, Nov. 20, The master plan developer chosen by the South Shore Tri-Town Development Corporation laid out designs that may include villages linked by walking paths, open space and public transit, cultural centers, office parks, and on-site recycling of waste water - if the designers follow the guidance given by residents at the last open workshop on the base's future.

One of the biggest questions is how much water the new community will need - and where an adequate supply can be found. The water consultants for the project estimate the development will need 1 million gallons a day of water when complete. To find that much water - an amount approximately equal to the Town of Hanover's current withdrawal - the developer is looking at all possible interim sources that so far include using water from Weymouth supplies, some on-site wells and importing water from Hingham and other towns.

A proposed desalination plant on the lower Taunton River is also being eyed as a potential solution for the Weymouth site. This private plant in Dighton is proposed to solve long-standing water supply issues for the City of Brockton. There are environmental concerns here too, given the proposed desalination plant's potential to impact endangered species, fisheries, and the salt concentration of the lower part of the Taunton River.

The developers are also reviewing a local desalination plant, possibly on the Fore River in Quincy, to supply the Weymouth site. The feasibility of a Quincy plant has yet to actually be examined. The fact that it is even mentioned in public discussions indicates the developers know that fresh groundwater is already stressed on the South Shore.


Moss Point signs contract for water improvements
The city of Moss Point has signed a contract to repair its water system to remove the dark color and egg odor from the water. U.S. Sen. Trent Lott, R-Miss., worked to have about $10 million from a Rohm and Haas federal fine set aside for the project, which is expected to be completed in 2007.

The city's water is drawn from the same underground aquifer as other cities on the coast. It will be subjected to a reverse-osmosis system, the same type of system that cleaned up Pascagoula's brownish drinking water.

Rohm and Haas, a chemical company, was levied a record $38 million federal fine for environmental violations before closing its Moss Point plant. The fine was levied by the Environmental Protection Agency for violations when the plant was operated by Thiokol Corp.

Diversified Engineering of Jackson was selected to oversee the project.


Desalination plans may benefit county
The Brazos River Authority unveiled preliminary results of a study examining the possibility of a desalination plant in Freeport to provide 50 million gallons of water a day to the Brazoria County region and into Fort Bend County.

Several Fort Bend officials attended the meeting in Pearland, and officials from various entities giving the presentation noted the desalination plant could play a role in allowing Fort Bend cities and other entities to reduce their groundwater usage to 40 percent by 2025, as required by the Fort Bend Subsidence District.

So far, the study area identifies potential customers in an area that extends roughly 10 miles east and west of U.S. 288, and includes Sugar Land and Stafford. Projections estimate the plant could be operating by 2008.

Many questions remain on the project, and officials from the Brazos River Authority, along with Poseidon Resources and Camp, Dresser and McKee, Inc. said more steps will be taken before drafting final plans for the plant.

The main issue, said Alan Wolke of Camp, Dresser and McKee, is the rising population of Texas and the increasing need for potable water. Even though projections state that individuals will be using less water in the future, current supplies are reducing. Additionally, EPA and other regulations will make surface water systems more costly than desalination plants by roughly 2006.

Andy Shea of Poseidon Resources said the plant would be an existing Dow Chemicals facility in Freeport, and the participating parties would utilize reverse osmosis technology, rather than thermal technology, to purify the water. Poseidon would fund that portion.

For all water that enters the plant, half would be desalinated and distributed to consumers. That could mean if 50 million gallons a day were processed, 25 million gallons would be distributed and 25 million gallons of hyper salinated water would be discharged. However, said Shea, technology would prevent a situation of hypersalination in the Gulf Coast, because the very salty discharge would be mixed with fresh water discharge for a resultant mix equivalent to natural salt water.

Woelke says he expects to have a plan turned into the Texas Water Development Board by 2005, in time for the Texas Legislative session to occur that year.

Water price may jump 12%
El Paso Water Utilities General Manager Ed Archuleta provided the first glimpse of the increase to come as the Public Service Board opened budget hearings that will conclude in January.

"I think it's time to increase the rates to pay for (our capital needs)," Archuleta said, citing studies showing El Paso's rates among the nation's lowest. "This is never easy, but I think we've got good reasons."

The increases will help fund a number of projects, including the $66.6 million desalination plant planned on Fort Bliss land by 2005 and the $76 million needed for arsenic treatment required by January 2006.




A pilot desalination plant is planned in2004 on the west coast at Cape Argus to provide drinking water, African News Service said. The new plant would use RO technology. One drawback to the plan is the higher cost of treating water, which is said to be 5 to 10 times more than treating reservoir or river water. However, the city is facing a water crisis as a forecast shows demand will increase by 4% to % yearly.


Desalinated water stalled
A proposed private enterprise that could help solve Merredin's townsite salinity problem has been stalled by negotiations with the Water Corporation. The proposal, by Wheatbelt Enterprise Technology, has been given in-principle support by the Merredin Shire Council, but is waiting for a guarantee from the Water Corporation to purchase the desalinated drinking water product.

Wheatbelt Enterprise Technology Director Ron Coleman said the lack of this guarantee was the only matter holding up the project. He suggested the Water Corporation viewed the project as a threat as it would mean the Water Corporation would not have total control over Merredin's water supply. "They're struggling with the concept of purchasing water from a third party," Mr Coleman said.

Water Corporation Regional Business Manager Peter Armanasco said the Water Corporation fully supported the project.

Merredin CEO Phil Anastasakis said he was not sure what the real reason for the hold up was. He had been told the Water Corporation would not guarantee purchase of the water product.

Mr Anastasakis said the project would help solve the groundwater salinity issue, reduce the water tables and bring another industry to Merredin. While the amount of water product would not be enough to make Merredin self-sufficient, Mr Anastasakis said it would certainly reduce reliance on other water supplies which, again would reduce the rising water table problem.

The extent of Merredin's townsite salinity problem has become evident over the last decade. Department of Agriculture development officer Juana Roe said, if nothing was done, Merredin would only have nine years before salinity would start having a significant impact on both the natural environment and decay of buildings through rising water tables.

The Merredin Shire Council recently received the draft report into the Groundwater Pumping and Desalination Pilot Project, partly funded by the State Salinity Council, recently completed in Merredin.

The CSIRO's Mark Pridham explained the results at the November Shire Council meeting. He said that, while groundwater pumping, desalination and evaporation ponds were not economically viable individually, combining all three options could be viable.

Negotiations between Wheatbelt Enterprise Technology and the Water Corporation are continuing.


Hong Kong Lam Group and Tianjin Motian Membrane Engineering & Technology Co. Ltd. of the Tianjin Institute of Textile Science and Technology have agreed on a joint investment of RMB 80 million in the hollow fiber membrane manufacturing base, a report from AsianInfo Services said. Plans are for the bases to produce 1 million square meters of membrane materials and 100,000 membrane devices that would bevalued at RMB 150 million. Applications for the membranes would include water treatment and seawater desalination. The first phase of the project was scheduled to be finished in November.

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI)

Water project still under fire
Members of the Commonwealth Utilities Corporation's Board of Directors have justified the need for further review of the proposed desalination contract of Saipan Taekwang Heavy Industries.

"I'm not against the project, but it has to be done right," board member Velma Ann Palacios said in an interview, noting that the lack of water has been a perennial problem on the island.

She noted that the CUC has not figured out yet what cost the customers would be willing to pay, although she said that some board members indicated that the public are amenable to coughing up any amount as long as they have a 24-hour supply of water.

Acting Attorney General Clyde Lemons Jr., in an opinion, disclosed that the proposed contract commits the CUC into purchasing 3 million gallons of water a day at $7.98 per 1,000 gallons or a daily cost of $25,000, which translates to some $136.9 million for 15 years.

The proposed contract provides for a 3 percent annual increase from its initial price. Among others, it requires that the CUC "provide to the contractor a waste disposal area free of charge," and to provide "at cost, all of the diesel oil required for the electric power generation at the facility."

These provisions are contrary to earlier claims by the CUC that the contractor would shoulder all related expenses for the construction, operation, and maintenance of the desalination plant.

Meanwhile, former Gov. Froilan Tenorio, who attended the board meeting, said the Korean firm's proposal involves distillation, which he said requires more energy and is therefore more expensive than a reverse osmosis method.

Tenorio disclosed that Mitsui, one of the four proposers, actually offers a lower rate-about $3 lower than Taekwang. Mitsui uses reverse osmosis method in its desalination project.

Tenorio furnished the CUC board some documents, showing that reverse osmosis is more popularly used in many places and is well-recommended by experts in the field.

Nevertheless, Sablan said the CUC will proceed with the evaluation of the proposed contract amid criticisms. "There are simply a lot of people who are interested in this project." Saipan Taekwang Heavy Industries is represented locally by Ed Guerrero and Manny Sablan.


Kerala District tourism promotion council to get more powers
The Government has decided to give more powers to the district tourism promotion council, the State Minister for tourism and fisheries Professor K.V.Thomas said. Inaugurating the Rs.50 lakh waterside amenity cum boat terminal at Kumarakom near Kottayam, Thomas said the district collector would be the chairman of the implementing committee of the council. The executive committee of the council comprises the MP, MLAs and Panchayat President. The function of the council would be totally free from any sort of politics, he said.

Thomas said the central share of the terminal was about Rs.21 lakh. A desalination and filtration plant would also be set up in the area. A model project was set up at Kumbalangi in Alwaye with a capacity of 22,000 liters of water. Another project to remove weeds from lake and river would be set up soon, he added.

He said the central aid for the projects was getting without any delay. There was no shortage of funds, he said, adding we have to submit the accounts whenever the project was completed.

Kalam Backs River Interlinking Plan
President APJ Abdul Kalam has stressed the need for inter-linking of the river basins, desalination of water, recharge of groundwater levels and use of solar energy with augmentation of solar power satellite for desalination of water.

Inaugurating a seminar on water management, organized by the Rotary International on December 9, Mr Kalam elaborated on a number of important points on the global water crisis. "It is essential for our country to take up in project mode production plants using already available reverse osmosis process linked to powering by solar energy," Kalam said in his address to a two-day Rotary International conference on water management here

Drawing attention to efforts by Gulf countries, and the United Arab Emirates in particular, of transforming the ecology of the desert by using water produced through desalination, Kalam said India could look at the same technology as a solution to its growing water crisis.

But as India did not have an abundant supply of hydrocarbons like the Middle East countries, Kalam said it should emulate the efforts of Britain, Israel, Japan and Spain to harness solar energy for desalination of water and power generation.

Stressing the importance of water, Rotary International president Jonathan B. Majiyagbe said scarcity is leading to conflicts but water could "also be a catalyst of cooperation" among nations.

Referring to his recent visit to the Umm Al Nar desalination plant in Abu Dhabi, Kalam said it produces nearly 500 million liters of fresh water a day using the multi-stage flash process and had totally transformed the ecology of the desert, and was an example of how large scale water supplies could be obtained from the oceans.

The Gulf region produces around four billion litres of fresh water while consuming 1.5 gigawatts of electricity, produced by burning enormous amounts oil and gas, but Kalam said India needed new processes and solutions like reverse osmosis and solar energy.

Laboratory experiments in Britain, Israel, Japan and Spain for solar powered desalination plants of up to five cubic meters a day capacity have established that generating drinking water through reverse osmosis was viable and economical.

"India and several tropical countries are blessed with availability of larger suitable area and availability of sun for more time in a day. We could go for large-scale solar farms of 800 to 1,000 MW capacity and use this energy in the grid and for desalination in coastal regions," said Kalam.

Another possible option was the use of space-based solar power stations to produce electricity for helping the reverse osmosis process to generate large-scale drinking water supplies.

Describing the plan for interlinking of 11 Himalayan rivers and 17 rivers in south India, Kalam said it would be one of the largest programs the country would be undertaking. Urging planners to take into account the concerns of environmentalists, Kalam said the river linking project might "be one the great solutions" to the water crisis as well as floods and droughts.


Gov't signs $169m deal to develop Khirbet Al Samra plant-Jordan
The government signed the first build-operate-transfer (BOT) deal of its kind in the region to an international group of companies on Wednesday for the development and expansion of the Khirbet Al Samra Wastewater Treatment Plant.

At a signing ceremony attended by Prime Minister Faisal Fayez, Cabinet ministers and a number of local and foreign dignitaries, Minister of Water and Irrigation Hazem Nasser signed the $169 million Restated Project Agreement with representatives of the consortium of implementing companies led by Suez Environment, and representatives of the lending institutions headed by the Arab Bank.

"The implementation of this unique project comes in the framework of further development of wastewater infrastructure," Nasser said. He added that the project would improve the environment, eliminate the odor around Khirbet Al Samra area, and better the quality of water discharged and stored in King Talal reservoir.

The Khirbet Al Samra plant, considered the first public-private wastewater infrastructure project in the region, will be constructed on a 25-year BOT basis, including the three-year design and construction period.

Modification and expansion of the existing Ain Ghazal pre-treatment facility is also included in the project, as well as the management and operation of the wastewater pumping stations serving Zarqa Governorate. The new construction on Khirbet Al Samra, located in the northeast part of Zarqa Governorate, will develop and expand the overloaded wastewater treatment system in the plant, currently operating at three times its capacity, then transfer its ownership to the government.

While the 16-year-old plant presently handles up to 68,000 cubic metres per day, the new plant will be able to handle up to 268,000 cubic meters daily — channeled from the 2.5 million inhabitants of both Amman and Zarqa.

The plant extension, which will treat 80 per cent of the country's wastewater, will be financed by a number of parties — the major portion through a United States Agency for International Development (USAID) grant of $78 million.

The implementing group of companies, comprising the international firms of Suez Environment, Ondeo, Ondeo Degremont Inc. and Morganti Group, will put up $17 million in equity. The remaining $60 million will be borrowed from the consortium of lending banks — Arab Bank, Housing Bank for Trade and Finance Industrial Development Bank, Jordan Bank for Investment and Finance, and Arab Investment Bank, in addition to the Social Security Corporation — to be paid in 15 years. The treasury will finance the outstanding $14 million.


Many new projects coming up in Wusta
In line with the directives of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said, the institutions concerned in the Sultanate extend considerable efforts in implementing developmental projects in the Wusta region.

The Ministry of Housing, Electricity and Water is currently implementing 456 housing units in the region’s various wilayats which will be distributed to citizens. Some power and desalination plants will also be set up in the region.

Mohammed bin Said Al Mashaikhi, acting director of housing, electricity and water in the Wusta region, said the ministry implements the directives of His Majesty to provide citizens with appropriate houses, electricity and water services.

He said the desalination plant in Al Sadana’at and Dhahr areas were expanded to raise the productive capacity of each from 11,000 gallons to 33,000 gallons.

Other desalination plants were also improved and power plants will be established in Thaleen and Hitam areas during the first half of 2004. Water pipeline networks will also be extended to the housing units in these areas, he added.

RO22.6 million pacts for five water projects signed
Sheikh Suhail bin Mustahail Shimas, minister of housing, electricity and water, signed five agreements worth a total of RO22.6 million and covering implementation of water projects in governorates and regions.

Said bin Mohammed Al Nabhani, director-general of water, said the first agreement cost RO16.4 million and provides for water supply to the wilayats of Bidbid and Sumail in the Dakhiliyah region. The project involves supply and installation of water transmission pipes from Muscat network to Fanja, Bidbid and Sumail (55km) and construction of pumping stations, tanks and tanker points.

The second agreement covers extending water networks to planned areas in Muscat governorate (Ma’abelah) at a total of cost of RO4.3 million. The contractor will supply and install water distribution pipes (180km) and water transmission pipes (11.7km) and three concrete tanks each with a capacity of 20,000cu.m.

The other agreements provide for water supply to niyabat of Ras Al Hadd in the wilayat of Sur (RO975,000), designing, supplying, installing, operating and maintaining water sterilization systems in the Sharqiyah region (RO516,000), and construction of water desalination plant in Khalouf in the wilayat of Mahout, the Wusta region (RO350,000).


ADB to provide $650m for water, sanitation
Punjab Governor Lt-Gen Khalid Maqbool, speaking at a seminar on water organized by a local mineral water bottling company, asked the people to press their political leadership for striking out a unanimous opinion on the construction of water reservoirs adding that the country would be facing a severe crises in near future if new water reservoirs were not built.

Asian Development Bank (ADB) Country Director Marshouq Ali Shah said that his Bank would provide $650 million for water and sanitation projects to Pakistan in next three years mentioning that they had provided $600 million for the same sector during last 32 years of cooperation. He said that out of $650 million, around $72 million would be for Rawalpindi Water Supply and Sanitation Project, $55 million for Karachi Urban Water Supply Project, $65 million for second phase of Urban Water Supply Project, $46 million for the Punjab Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Development Project. He said that the Bank had also approved $50 million for southern Punjab and currently negotiating with Sindh government for the same sort of financing for these schemes in the interior Sindh. He said that their main focus was not merely to supply water but also to improve the quality existing water supplies.

Mian Amir Sohail Saleemi, advocate, who is also the legal adviser of the company, said that according to a survey of Lahore, not less than 10 per cent diseases were because of polluted water. He said that reverse osmosis system had been adopted for the purification of mineral water while passing it through the ultra violet rays to remove all the bacteria.


Cabinet earmarks US$14.7b for mega projects
The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP)-led government unveiled a plan in late November to invest US$14.7 billion in 10 public development projects over the next five years. The ambitious multibillion-dollar plan is designed to boost investment in manpower cultivation as well as in research and development, promote culture and creativity, enhance Taiwan's international competitiveness, and improve the quality of the environment.

According to the Global Competitiveness Report 2003-2004, released Oct. 30 by the World Economic Forum, Taiwan ranked fifth in terms of growth competitiveness--the highest in Asia and up one notch from last year. The government is pressing ahead with major infrastructure construction projects in the hope of pushing the nation's ranking even higher.

The government recently raised its economic growth forecast for 2003 to 3.15 percent from the 3.06 percent projected in August. It also raised its 2004 forecast to 4.1 percent, up from the previous 3.81 percent. Premier Yu Shyi-kun expressed his hope that the five-year development package would help promote national growth by an average 1.03 percent annually and create an average of 64,000 jobs each year.

Taiwan has long been plagued with water shortage. To address the problem, the government will invest US$926 million to build artificial lakes to serve as reservoirs in Taoyuan, Yunlin, Tainan and Kaohsiung counties and desalination plants in the Hsinchu Science Park as well as on Kinmen, Matsu and Penghu islands.

The multibillion-dollar plan triggered heated debate in the Legislative Yuan as some lawmakers warned that the measure would empty the nation's coffers. Some criticized the timing of the Cabinet's plan.

Despite criticism from certain quarters, several politicians have signaled their support for the projects, including Vincent Siew, a former premier and vice chairman of the Kuomintang. Siew said he believes that the Legislative Yuan will back the government's plan in principle, as long as the projects are in the best interests of the economy. He suggested, however, that the Executive Yuan first reveal to the public the specific content of these projects and fully disclose the results of an evaluation of their potential benefit.

Claims have been made by critics of the five-year program that it will create a heavy debt load, one that will ultimately burden the next generation. Finance Minister Lin Chuan pointed out that the interest charges accrued from the US$11.76 billion on loan--around US$235 million--is only a small expense and that the program will greatly contribute to the nation's economic growth in the long run.


Boost for wastewater treatment
The Swedish government has given a 40-million-baht grant to help the municipality of Chiang Mai solve water pollution problems. Of the total, 15 million baht will be spent to improve the municipality's 10-year-old wastewater treatment facility.

The memorandum of understanding covering the grant was signed by Swedish ambassador Jan Axel Nordlander, Chiang Mai mayor Boonlert Buranupakorn and Apichai Chawacharoenpan, chief of the Pollution Control Department.

Mr Apichai said the PCD would conduct a feasibility study on "micro-wastewater treatment facilities" for communities along the Ping river and Klong Mae Kha, a tributary of the Ping, which are outside the treatment area.

At present, the municipality's wastewater treatment facility can handle only 25% of a total discharge of 90,000 cubic metres per day. All wastewater, treated and untreated, flows into the Ping river, Chiang Mai's lifeline.


Construction on RAK desalination plant begins/ UAE
Construction work on the Dh37 million water desalination station at Ghalilah, north of Ras Al Khaimah, has begun, according to Fewa officials, a report in 'Al Ghorfa' magazine, published by the Rak Chamber of Commerce and Industry and Agriculture. The officials said that the project would be completed by the first half of next year.

The station will pump 3 million gallons per day of desalinated sea water, through reverse osmosis techniques. Currently, Ras Al Khaimah enjoys a desalination capacity of six million gallons per day produced by the Emirate's four desalination stations, three of which are based in Al Nakheel, while the forth is in Burairat.

Earlier this year, the Fewa board decided to establish a water desalination plant with a three million gallons capacity per day of desalinated seawater in RAK's Ghalilah area. The new station will serve nationals and residents of the northern zone of the Emirate who earlier have launched complaints of increasing salinity averages in the available drinking water in the areas such as Rams, Ghalilah, Khor Khowair, Sham and Al Jeer.


Omagh area to get new wastewater treatment works
DRD Water Service’s £1.3 million scheme to provide a new wastewater treatment works at Fintona, due to start in the New Year, will form part of a £58 million capital works programme for the next five years.

DRD Water Service’s Western Divisional Manager, Alec McQuillan, presented the programme to Omagh District Council saying the scheme would significantly improve the wastewater treatment facilities and will meet future development needs in the Fintona area.

Mr McQuillan said: "Water Service is embarking on a major £505 million programme of water and sewerage infrastructure projects over the next three years throughout Northern Ireland.

"The largest project in the Council area is the major upgrade to the Lough Macrory water treatment works at a cost of £13.5 million. The scheme, which is due to be completed by next summer will ensure that customers in the Omagh District Council area are served by four modern water treatment works, all of which have been upgraded to meet EC water quality requirements. These are Derg, Lough Braden, Glenhordial and very soon Lough Macrory."


Dynamic Beverages Introduces Orange V®
Orange V® starts with fresh spring water that flows from the Rocky Mountains through the Snake River in Wyoming and then to the Silver Creek Distillery in scenic Idaho. The water is combined with naturally farmed organic grain. The resulting pure vodka is distilled through a modern four-column process and filtered through a state of the art reverse osmosis system yielding a smooth 100% organic certified spirit.

Flavored vodkas is one of the fastest growing segments in the spirits market. Dave Schmier, President of Dynamic Beverages notes that "Currently, orange vodka represents approximately 20% of the fast growing flavored spirits category."

Wiseman push shares to record
Shares in Robert Wiseman Dairies were lifted to their highest level since the company floated in 1994 after a robust set of half-year figures and confident full-year outlook.

The company recently completed the extension of its dairy in Droitwich Spa, near Birmingham. It also has four milk processing plants at Aberdeen, Manchester and two in Glasgow.

Robert Wiseman, based in East-Kilbride, has recently invested £1.5m in its Glasgow dairy to commission a reverse osmosis plant, which will reduce wastage in milk solids and improve efficiency.

The company, which controls about 80% of the milk supply in Scotland, now does about two-thirds of its business south of the border. England and Wales account for more than 66% of volumes sold.

Alan Wiseman, chairman, said it was still waiting for the elusive contract from a big supermarket player to break into the lucrative London and south-east England market. The company has previously indicated its intention to open a dairy to serve the south-east of England.

Cola majors can controversy, uncork for a busy season in India
Soft drink majors PepsiCo and Coca-Cola are targeting 2-3 times more volume sales next year, brushing aside the pesticides controversy which dented September quarter sales by around 15 per cent.

Franchise bottlers of the two companies said that the cola majors have lined up major expansion plan for 2004, and that they have already asked bottlers to gear up for the crucial season ahead.

Both companies are either adding new lines to their existing bottling units or setting up greenfields facilities. For instance, Ravi Jaipuria, PepsiCo’s main franchise bottler in the country, is setting up a greenfield unit in Bhiwadi in Haryana.

Coca-Cola has lined up major investments in increasing line capacity this year. Additionally, they are planning to penetrate deeper into rural markets.

Annual soft drinks sales took a significant beating this year after the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), a non-government organization, revealed that samples of the two companies products which were tested at independent labs, were found to have pesticide levels much higher than EU prescribed norms. Both companies maintained that there was nothing wrong with their products.

This time around, ground water samples have been collected from all existing bottling plants and at sites where greenfield facilities are being set up, and being put to rigorous tests in overseas laboratories.

Substantial investments are also being made into upgrading filtration processes, such as adding extra levels at the reverse osmosis treatment and activated carbon filtration units, the bottler said.


These projects are available in a separate report U.S. Municipal Wastewater Plants and People. Projects Updates are issued biweekly.