Water Market Insights  
April  2012







·        Water Treatment and Flow Market Has Double-Digit Growth Segments

·        "Flyash Pond and Wastewater Treatment Issues" is "Hot Topic Hour" on Thursday, May 3 and Friday, May 4, 2012

·        Where Are the High Growth Air and Water Opportunities? Find Out on May 10!

·        $36 Billion World Site Remediation Market in 2012

·        McIlvaine Hot Topic Hour Registration


Water Treatment and Flow Market Has Double-Digit Growth Segments

Droughts, contamination and growth are creating markets for flow and treatment of water which exceed GDP.   In some segments, double-digit growth is forecast for the coming decade. McIlvaine has identified these high growth segments in its various water related market reports.

The segment with the highest growth rate is ballast water treatment for vessels. Presently, a few hundred systems are installed in vessels for the purpose of preventing the escape of potentially invasive species to the lakes and harbors where freight is loaded and ballast water is discharged.   Over the next eight years, more than 50,000 ships will be fitted with systems costing as much as $1 million each.  Filters to remove particles larger than 50 microns will be included in each system.

A means to kill organisms, such as ultraviolet light, ozone oxidation, or chemicals will be necessary. Because large amounts of water have to be discharged in relatively short periods, there will be a significant opportunity for the suppliers of pumps and valves. These systems will be highly instrumented both to insure effectiveness and minimize consumables costs. Additional monitoring instrumentation will need to be acquired by testing firms and laboratories to serve more than 500 ports around the world.

Unconventional gas and oil exploration and processing will also generate fast growing markets for water treatment and flow products and services. Proposed U.S. EPA regulations as well as regulations already in place in Pennsylvania and other states will result in substantial investment in systems to treat produced water from various extraction operations and flow back water from shale fracturing.

A number of very expensive treatment systems and recovery of water through evaporation are in the planning stages. Filters are challenged to remove dissolved solids which can be as high as 25 percent of the total fluid being processed. Pumps and valves have to deal with very high levels of corrosive chlorides and other difficult chemicals.

Extensive monitoring systems will be required to measure water quality in groundwater and aquifers. There will need to be early investments to determine baseline contamination prior to drilling. Due to this lack of a baseline, it is presently unclear whether some of the problems are a result of drilling or were pre-existing.

There are many double-digit geographic growth segments.  Desalination activity will remain at a high level in the Middle East, but will not grow as fast as it will in China and a number of other countries. Sales of systems and products to treat municipal wastewater and drinking water will grow at double-digit rates in a number of developing countries.

There are also certain product categories which will enjoy double-digit growth. One example is the high pressure pumps needed to move millions of gallons of water, sand and chemicals down two miles at high pressure to fracture shale. Another example is elecrtrodeionization which is finding uses in ultrapure water, desalination and even treatment of water for fracking.


For more information on:

Cartridge Filters: World Market, click on:   http://www.mcilvainecompany.com//brochures/water.html#nO24

Liquid Filtration and Media World Market, click on: http://www.mcilvainecompany.com/brochures/water.html#n006

Industrial Valves: World Markets, click on http://www.mcilvainecompany.com/brochures/water.html#n028

North American Public Water Plants and People, click on:  http://www.mcilvainecompany.com/brochures/water.html#67ei

North America Municipal Wastewater Treatment Facilities and People, click on:  http://www.mcilvainecompany.com/brochures/water.html#62ei.

Pumps World Markets, click on:   http://www.mcilvainecompany.com/brochures/water.html#N019 

RO, UF, MF World Market, click on: http://www.mcilvainecompany.com/brochures/water.html#no20       

Sedimentation/Centrifugation World Markets, click on: http://www.mcilvainecompany.com/brochures/water.html#n005                                                                                              

Ultrapure Water World Markets, click on: http://www.mcilvainecompany.com/brochures/water.html#n029

Water and Wastewater Treatment Chemicals: World Market, click on:



"Flyash Pond and Wastewater Treatment Issues" is "Hot Topic Hour" on Thursday, May 3 and Friday, May 4, 2012

Because of the strong interest in this subject, we have scheduled eight speakers in two sessions – the first at 10 a.m. (CDT) on Thursday, May 3 and the second at 10 a.m. (CDT) on Friday, May 4.  If you register to attend the first session on Thursday, you will automatically be registered for the session on Friday.

It’s been more than three years since the coal ash spill at a TVA plant in Kingston, Tennessee prompted strong public pressure on operators of coal-fired power plants to drain and shut down their coal ash impoundments and on EPA to regulate impoundments and coal combustion residuals (CCRs).  CCRs include bottom and flyash, boiler slag and SO2 scrubber residues and are often referred to collectively as “coal ash.”  More than 130 million tons are generated each year.

The EPA proposed either subjecting coal ash to a federal hazardous-waste management law or requiring states to regulate it as a non-hazardous waste. But the proposed EPA regulations have yet to be implemented. Both Senate and House have stepped in and passed bills to either block EPA from regulating CCRs or force EPA to mandate that each state will have the authority to regulate them.  However, neither bill has yet resulted in legislation. As a result, a dozen national environmental and public health groups recently announced plans to sue the EPA to force implementation of the proposed rule under the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act.

The net result of all of this activity has been to create great uncertainty for plant operators and increased cost while reducing options for disposing of CCRs. All of the discussion about regulating CCRs as hazardous waste has attached a stigma to beneficial re-use. After growing for ten years to a level where in 2009 44.3 percent of CCRs were recycled to industry as raw materials, the rate is now declining.  At the same time, water discharge permits have become increasingly stringent, allowing for the release of only very low concentrations of pollutants in plant effluents making it more difficult to drain ponds.

The following speakers will address the status of proposed federal and state regulations, the potential impacts of the eventual regulations on the coal-fired power plant industry, alternatives to using impoundments to dispose of CCRs, what will need to be done to comply with the expected regulations and systems and technology for eliminating wet ash handling and slurry storage in ponds or reduce wastewater volume as well as treat the wastewater generated by the plant process.


Presenting on Thursday, May 3, 2012:

John N. Ward, President of John Ward, Inc, is representing the American Coal Ash Association (ACAA) and will provide an update on coal ash regulatory and legislative issues. Three and a half years have passed since a coal ash impoundment failure in Tennessee prompted the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to initiate rulemaking activities for new coal ash disposal regulations. With no end in sight for the rulemaking, Congress is getting involved and legislation creating new disposal regulations is now the subject of a Transportation Bill conference committee negotiation. Meanwhile, lawsuits against the EPA, new EPA-led risk evaluations of coal ash beneficial use, and an expected Notice of Data Availability related to Steam Effluent Generating Guidelines data are combining to further complicate the regulatory outlook.

James Ballan, Manager of SCM (Supplementary Cementitious Materials) at FLSmidth, Inc, will discuss processes for coal ash beneficiation. For many years coal ash has been in use as a cement additive, soil stabilizer and filler for underground voids such as sink holes and mines.  All of the discussion about regulating CCRs as hazardous waste has attached a stigma to the beneficial re-use.  This presentation will introduce a concept for the beneficiation of coal ash in one compact system with the flexibility to address both new CCR production and existing impoundments.  

Naomi Levy, Lead Industrial Engineer at Infilco-Degremont, Inc, will describe treatment options for both the flyash and the flyash pond leachate.  The presentation will include Infilco-Degremont’s (IDI’s) expertise in treating this considerably variable and complex water. Flyash is one of the many byproducts generated in power plant’s operations as a result of the combustion of coal. It contains all the non-combustible minerals that were deposited with the coal and is highly variable. In many places, this residue is being collected in ash ponds.  Unless treated or reused, it would stay inside the structure “forever,” potentially being a candidate for a disastrous spill or contributing to the contamination of the water receiving body.

Douglas J. Dahlberg, P.E. at Sargent & Lundy LLC, will discuss how the proposed U.S. EPA coal combustion residuals regulations will impact the power plant and the bottom line. The more recent Oak Creek, Wisconsin generating facility ash-bluff collapse reminded the regulatory agencies of the potential problems associated with ash disposal sites. The critical questions are “What’s this going to cost and how will it affect your power plant’s bottom line?”  With proposed rules technically similar to the existing Subtitle D municipal solid waste disposal regulations, CCRs handling and disposal unit costs can be estimated by considering differences and similarities between municipal solid waste and CCRs.


Presenting on Friday, May 4, 2012:

Nick Nelsen, Environmental Specialist at Barr Engineering Company, will discuss how to evaluate projects for handling coal combustion residuals. Disposal capacity limits and recent air regulations are forcing power plants to commit to upgrades for pollution control equipment and disposal facilities before CCRs rules or effluent guidelines are finalized.  This presentation will provide recent experience in evaluating immediate project requirements while positioning upgrades to comply with final CCR and effluent guideline regulations.  Because utilities are struggling with how to prepare for these changes, the presentation will include specific recommendations on what to do now so that better decisions can be made in these upgrade projects.

Dr. David Mazyck, Carbonxt

Tom Higgins, Technology Fellow Vice President, or Dennis Fink, Environmental Engineer and Sr. Project Manager, Industrial Systems at CH2M Hill, will discuss CH2M Hill’s work with power plants to address pressures to close ash ponds. The approach described in this presentation to eliminate ash ponds includes a combination of:  eliminating wastewater streams, segregating streams that have stringent regulatory requirements or that adversely affect reuse (total dissolved solids), and treating remaining high volume/easily treatable wastewater for reuse or discharge.   Each of the main wastewater streams typically discharged to ponds will be discussed (FGD wastewater, flyash transport water, bottom ash transport water and other plant waste streams), focusing on why and how to eliminate treatment by ponds.  Best practices for designing treatment of remaining wastewater will be presented, as will reuse strategies for wastewater discharge minimization or elimination.

Ari Schoen Lewis, Health Scientist at Gradient Corporation, will discuss “Human Health Risk Assessment and the Regulation of Coal Combustion Residues (CCRs).”  In support of the Proposed Rule to regulate CCRs, U.S. EPA has published several assessments on the potential human and ecological risks associated with various coal ash disposal practices.  This presentation will discuss the risks associated with surface impoundments and how this information was used in the cost-benefit analysis to distinguish among different regulatory options.  Also, in light of changing (but as yet unknown) regulations, this presentation will address how human health risk analysis will be important to address future safety concerns associated with disposal and beneficial use of CCR, and the importance of emerging toxicological assessments of the chemical constituents in CCRs (e.g., arsenic, cobalt, chromium).


To register for the Hot Topic Hour on Thursday, May 3 and Friday, May 4 at 10 a.m. (Central time) click on:



Where Are the High Growth Air and Water Opportunities? Find Out on May 10!

Answers to this question will be provided on May 10 in a 90 minute webinar conducted by the McIlvaine Company. The merger of Tyco Flow Control and Pentair coupled with the acquisition of Howden by Colfax indicate the recognition of a $330 billion market which covers the movement of gases (including air) and liquids (including water) as well as their control and treatment.

There are a number of very attractive growth segments which provide opportunities for expansion and acquisition. Here are some of them which will be identified and quantified in the session:

·         Unconventional gas and oil including gas and oil shale as well as tar sands,

·         International shipping including ballast water treatment and stack gas cleanup while burning bunker fuels,

·         Sales of equipment to reduce air toxics and to regulate water extraction and discharge to receiving streams and lakes,

·         New approaches to  NOx and odor  control of air and disinfection of water including use of chemicals and UV oxidation techniques,

·         Potential for innovative technologies created by a more holistic view of opportunities such as co-locating municipal wastewater treatment and power plants,

·         The evaluation of China as both a market for products and services and potential breeding ground of international competition,

·         Necessity of evaluating all international growth opportunities through the prism of purchasing parity and adjustments for inflation,

·         Leveraging various product combinations for highest growth. The advantages of chemicals, filter media and other consumables as opposed to components, instrumentation or systems.

This session is available free of charge to any subscriber to McIlvaine air or water related market reports. It is available at a price of $400 for non-subscribers. However, this payment is deductible from future report purchases.


To register click on: http://www.mcilvainecompany.com/brochures/hot_topic_hour_registration.htm


$36 Billion World Site Remediation Market in 2012

The market for products and services to remediate groundwater and soils will exceed $36 billion this year.  The U.S. will remain the leading purchaser, but the growth will come from Asia and elsewhere. This is the conclusion reached by the McIlvaine Company in its latest remediation forecasts.


          Site Remediation World Forecast 2012

Expenditure Type

$ Billions

Engineering and consulting services


Excavation, construction  and operational labor


Thermal treatment (depreciation)


Water treatment equipment (depreciation)


Monitoring and instrumentation (depreciation)


Chemicals and microbial preparations


Pumps, and valves (depreciation)







China is the fastest growing remediation market.  One project in Beijing last year received over $100 million in funding. Much of the investment is still in excavation and removal of soil. However, the five year plan 2011-2015 is supporting a range of remediation activities.

Taiwan’s Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has identified more than 2,000 contaminated sites nationwide to date.  More sites continue to be flagged.  Japan has a large established market.  Most of the developing Asian countries have large potential.

Eastern Europe is a promising market.   It is, however, lagging behind Western Europe in its cleanup efforts.  Over the last eight years, Denmark and the Netherlands have spent billions of euros on remediation and have the highest ratio of remediation expenditures per euro of GDP.  Germany has been the leading country in terms of gross expenditures, but lags behind the leaders in terms of percentage of GDP spent for remediation. The Eastern European countries have spent lower percentages of GDP on remediation but have the most severe problems.

The market for chemicals and microbial cultures includes applications in pump and treat where activated carbon and other products are used to purify recirculating water.  Chemicals which release oxygen and microbial consortia which foster in situ bioremediation have become increasingly popular. The recent acquisition of Adventus assets by FMC is an indication of the increasing presence of large companies in the industry.  BCEG Environmental Remediation Company Ltd. (BCEER) is the exclusive Adventus representative in the People’s Republic of China.  Honeywell UOP has been a successful vendor of chemicals to clean up the radiation leakage at the Fukushima plant.

The market for continuous analyzers to measure contaminants in ground and surface water is growing at double-digit rates. One reason is the new reliance on monitoring and natural attenuation as a remediation solution. Another is the desire by would be polluters to establish baselines prior to the conduct of operations which are potentially harmful.  The contamination of some water supplies in Pennsylvania could be natural and not a result of shale gas extraction.  So shale gas operators are investing in baseline monitoring systems to protect themselves from future liabilities.

The participants in the market are increasingly international in their scope of operations. ThermoFisher is expanding both in terms of geographic reach and products to serve the remediation market.  In selected Asian countries, it is marketing the remediation products of Regenesis. It plans to make China its second largest market after the U.S.

Large U.S. based consulting companies such as URS, Black & Veatch, AECOM and others are expanding their remediation activities internationally. To extend its sustainable remediation technical expertise and best practices across AECOM, more than 70 environmental practitioners have been trained on AECOM’s new process for rapidly screening best management practices to improve remediation portfolio performance.

A new trend is for international remediation firms to acquire U.S. companies. Cardno Limited of Brisbane, Australia has acquired two U.S. environmental engineering firms: Environmental Resolutions, Inc. (ERI) of Irvine, CA and ENTRIX of Houston, TX.  Cardno is a large professional services firm founded in Brisbane in 1945.  ERI, an environment and site remediation consulting firm with six offices in the U.S., has a staff of 155.  ENTRIX, an environmental and natural resource management consulting firm, employs 615 people. 

Xylem is positioning itself to be a leader in remediation. It has acquired several companies with monitoring and instrumentation products.  One is YSI which supplies monitors for measuring water quality in aquifers and surface water. Another is WTW which has complete test kits for remediation consulting and testing companies. Xylem Godwin Pump Group specializes in pumps for groundwater and sediment.  Xylem Wedeco makes ozone generators which are used in the ozone sparging process.  Xylem Sanitaire makes biological remediation equipment to separate toxic metals.


For more information on the McIlvaine site remediation markets newsletter and tailored remediation market reports click on: Site Remediation and Emergency Response Newsletter.  http://www.mcilvainecompany.com/brochures/remediation.html.


McIlvaine Hot Topic Hour Registration

On Thursday at 10 a.m. Central time, McIlvaine hosts a 90 minute web meeting on important energy and pollution control subjects. Power webinars are free for subscribers to either Power Plant Air Quality Decisions or Utility Environmental Upgrade Tracking System. The cost is $125.00 for non-subscribers. Market Intelligence webinars are free to McIlvaine market report subscribers and are $400.00 for non-subscribers.


Non-Subscribers Cost


 Webinar Type

April 26, 2012


Particulate and Condensable Removal


May 3 and 4,2012


Flyash Pond and Wastewater Treatment Issues 


May 10, 2012


$330 Billion Market for Air/Gas/Water/Liquid/Flow and Treatment (high growth segments plus regulatory, technology, application, and market drivers)

Market Intelligence

May 17, 2012


Role of Renewable Energy in U.S. and World


May 24, 2012


Status of Carbon Capture Programs and Technology


May 31, 2012


Air Pollution Control Markets (geographic trends, regulatory developments, competition, technology developments)

Market Intelligence

June 7, 2012


Dry Sorbent Injection and Material Handling in Coal-fired Power Plants Plants


June 14, 2012


Report from Power Gen Europe (update on regulations, speaker and exhibitor highlights)


June 21, 2012


Pumps and Valves (impacts of mergers, new markets, market drivers, forecasts)   

Market Intelligence

June 28, 2012


Greenhouse Gas Strategies for Coal-fired Plant Operators 


July 12, 2012


CFB Technology and Clean Coal
(Update on CFB Reactor Technology)


July 19, 2012


Future for Coal, Gas, Nuclear and Renewables (forecasts by region and discussion of market drivers and regulatory constraints)

Market Intelligence

July 26, 2012


Beneficial Byproducts of Coal Combustion and Gasification


August 2, 2012


Mercury Control and Removal Status and Cost


August 9, 2012


Filter Media (forecasts and market drivers for media used in air, gas, liquid, fluid applications both mobile and stationary)

Market Intelligence

August 16, 2012


Report from Coal-gen (highlights of speeches and exhibitions)


August 23, 2012


Report from Mega Symposium (highlights of speeches and exhibitions at this important air pollution conference)       


August 30, 2012


Instrumentation for Air, Gas, Water, Liquids (forecasts , market shares, growth segments)       



Bob McIlvaine
847 784 0012 ext 112




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Ph: 847-784-0012 | Fax; 847-784-0061

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